General Knowledge

Major Hydroelectric Power Plants in India (Complete List)

List of Major Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

 

What is Hydro Electric Power Plant?

  • A hydroelectric power plant consists of a high dam that is built across a large river to create a reservoir, and a station where the process of energy conversion to electricity takes place. A turbine is utilized which is rotated by the force of Flowing water, which in turn rotated the Generator. This results in production of Electricity.
  • Hydropower is called renewable source of energy because it uses and not consumes the water for generation of electricity, and the hydropower leaves this vital resource available for other uses. Moreover, it doesn’t pollute the environment as it does not release any toxic pollutant in air.

Hydroelectric Potential of India

  • Hydropower is one of the oldest and widely used renewable sources of energy.
  • The hydropower potential of India is around 1,45,000 MW and at 60% load factor, it can meet the demand of around 85, 000 MW. Around 26% of Hydropower potential has been exploited in India.
  • India is the 7th largest producer, with production of about 45,000 MW of hydroelectric power in the world and also ranks 3rd worldwide by its total number of dams.
  • Various Hydroelectric Power projects are managed by Government under two different Ministries on the basis of Power Generation Capacity –
      • Hydropower Station greater than 25 MW are managed by Ministry of Power (You can read Schemes and Programs related to Ministry of Power Here – Click Here)
      • Hydropower Station less than 25 MW are managed by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (You can read Schemes and Programs related to Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Here – Click Here)

List of Major Hydroelectric Power Plants in India, Hydropower plants in India, Largest Hydropower plant in India, Oldest Hydropower plant, Static GK Notes..

List of Major Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

Here is the List of Major Hydroelectric Power Plants in India –

State

Name of Power Plant

River

District

Andhra Pradesh

Nagarjuna Hydro Electric Power Plant

Krishna

Guntur

Srisailam Hydro Electric Power Plant

Krishna

Kurnool

Machkund Hydro Electric Power Plant

Machkund

lies on Border of AP and Orissa

Sileru Hydro Power Plant

Sileru

Visakhapatnam

Arunachal Pradesh

 

Ranganadi Hydro Power Plant

Ranganadi

Lower Subansiri

Lower Subansiri Hydroelectric Power Project

Subansiri

lies on border of Assam and AP

Gujarat

 

Sardar Sarovar Hydro Electric Power Plant

Narmada

Navagam

Kadana Dam

Mahi

Panchmahals

Himachal Pradesh

 

Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Electric Power Plant

Satluj

Kinnaur

BhakraNangal Hydro Electric Power Plant

Satluj

Bilaspur

Dehar Hydro Electric Power Plant

Beas

Mandi

Baira- Siul Hydro Electric Power Plant

Chamba

Chamba

Karcham Wangtoo Hydroelectric Plant

Satluj

Kinnaur

Parbati Hydroelectric Project

Parbati

Kullu

Chamera Hydro Power Station

Ravi

Chamba

Jammu and Kashmir

 

Salal Hydro Electric Power Plant

Chenab

Udhampur

Uri Hydro Electric Power Plant

Jhelum

Baramulla

Dulhasti Hydro Power station

Chandra

Kishtwara

Kishanganga Hydroelectric Project

Kishanganga

Baramulla

Jharkhand

Subarnarekha Hydro Electric Power Plant

Subarnarekha

Ranchi

Karnataka

Sharavathi Hydro Electric Power Plant

Sharavathi

Shimoga

Kalinadi Nagjhari Hydro Electric Power Plant

Kalinadi

Uttara Kannada

Shivanasamudra Hydro Electric Power Plant

Kaveri

Mandya

Varahi Hydro Electric Project

Varahi

Udupi

Kerala

Idukki Hydro electric Plant

Periyar

Moolamattom

Madhya Pradesh

 

Indirasagar Hydroelectric Power Plant

Narmada

Khandwa

Bansagar Hydro Electric Power Plant

Sone

Shahdol

Omkareshwar Hydro Power Plant

Narmada

Khandwa

Maharashtra

Koyna Hydro Electric Power Plant

Koyna

Satara

Manipur

Loktak Hydro Electric Power Plant

Khuga and Imphal river

Churachandpur

Meghalaya

Umiam-Umtru Hydroelectric Power Project

Umiam and Umtru

Ri Bhoi

Odisha

 

Hirakund Hydro Electric Power Plant

Mahanadi

Sambalpur

Balimela Hydro Electric Power Plant

Sileru

Malkangiri

Upper Indravati Power Station

Indravati

Kalahandi

Sindol Complex Power Station

Mahanadi

Sambalpur

Jalaput Dam

Machkhud

Koraput

Kolab Power Station

Kolab

Koraput

Punjab

Bhakra Dam

Sikkim

Teesta Hydro Electric Power Plant

Teesta

Rangit Hydro Electric Power Plant

Rangit

Legship

Tamil Nadu

Kadamparai pumped storage

Coimbatore

Pykara Power plant

Pykara,  Mukurthi

Nilgiris

Kundah Hydroelectric Power Scheme

Bhavani

Nilgiris

Periyar PH

Periyar

Theni

Telangana

Jurala Project

Krishna

Chintharevula

Nagarjuna Sagar

Krishna

Nalgonda

Lower Jurala Hydro Electric Project

Krishna

Atmakur

Uttar Pradesh

Rihand Hydro Electric Power Plant

Rihand

Sonbhadra

Uttarakhand

 

Tehri Hydro Electric Power Plant

Bhagirathi

Tehri

Dhauliganga-I Hydro Power Plant

Dhauliganga

Pithoragarh

Koteshwar Hydro Power Plant

Bhagirathi

Tehri

West Bengal

 

Purulia pumped storageHydro electric project

Purulia

Teesta Low Dam Hydro power plant

Teesta

Darjeeling

 

 

Some Facts about Major Hydroelectric Power Plants of India

  • India currently has 197 hydropower plants above 25 MW, plus nine pumped storage stations.
  • The oldest Hydropower power plant is in Darjeeling District in West Bengal. It’s installed capacity is 130 KW and was commissioned in the year 1897.
  • The 5 MW hydroelectric power station near Sivasamudram falls of the Kaveri in Karnataka was the first major power station in India. Owned by a few British companies, it was set up by General Electric of the US. It also holds the prestige of being the first hydroelectric power plant in Asia.
  • The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India.

 

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