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Important Battles in Indian History (Complete List)

List of Important Battles in Indian History

The table below enlists all the important Battles in Indian History in time bound manner starting from war and battles of Ancient India then Medieval India and finally Pre-Modern India up to the advent of British Raj. The list also shows important wars and battles of Mughal Empire, battles fought by great Marathas, major battles fought by European trading companies like British East India Company and French East India Company.


Important Battles in Indian History during Ancient India

(From ancient times till 8th century AD)






Conquest on Nanda Empire

320 BC

Chandragupta Maurya and Dhananand

Chandragupta Maurya defeated Dhananand and established Maurya Empire. Nand Dynasty comes to end.

Battle of Hydaspes

326 BC

Alaxender and Porus

Alaxender defeated king Porus. Impressed by the bravery of Porus, he allowed to retian the kingship of Porus.

Seleucid Mauryan War

303 BC

Chandragupta Maurya and Seleucus Nicator

Chandragupta defeated Seleucus and married with his daughter as a peace treaty. Seleucus received 500 war elephants.

Kalinga War

262 BC

Ashoka and Raja Anant Padmanabhan

It was the bloodiest war of human history and lakhs were killed from either sides. Ashoka filled with remorse and took pledge of non-violence and adopted Buddhism.

1st Huna Invasion

458 AD

Skandgupta (Gupta Empire) and Toramana (Huna)

Hunas were the nomadic tribes from central Asia who attacked northwest India through Khyber pass. Although Gupta empire defeated Hunas invasion but their power greatly reduced by this attack.

2nd Huna Invasion

470 AD

Mihirkula (Huna) and Gupta Empire

After death of Skandgupta, the Hunas attacked again and defeated the Gupta and tool control over central and north India. However after 30 years Hunas were again driven out of India by Yashodharman and Narshimhagupta of later Gupta dynasty.

Raid of Md Bin Kasim

695-715 AD

Bin Kasim and Raja Dahir

Bin Kasim attacked and killed Raja Dahir of Sindh and Multan of present Pakistan. Bin Kasim annexed the Sindh and Multan in Umayyad Caliphate. This war is seen as the starting of Muslim conquest of Indian subcontinent.


Important Battles in Indian History during Pre Medieval India

(From 8th Century AD till Babur attack of Delhi)






Invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni

1001 to 1025

Ghazni and Indian Rulers

Mahmud of Ghazni invaded 17 times western regions of India. During 1st raid in 1001, he defeated and captured Jaypal. In 1018 he attacked Mathura and killed Chandra Pal. In last attack of year 1025 he demoslished and plundered Somnath temple.

1st Battle of Tarain


Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori

This is called the first war of Hindu Rajput king and Muslim invader. This war took place near Tarain, Thanesar distt of Haryana. Prithviraj defeated Ghori

2nd Battle of Tarain


Muhammad Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan

Md Ghori defeated and killed Prithviraj after treachery of Jaychand. This was a historical event which paved the foundation of Muslim rule in predominant hindu land.

Battle of Chandavar


Muhammad Ghori and Jaychand

Ghori defeated and killed Jaychand.

Battle of Gakkhar and Ghori


Gakkhar and Md Ghori

After making his slave Qutub-ud Din Aibak, the ruler of Delhi Sutanate, Muhammad Ghori while returning to Gazni was attacked by Gakkhars. Ghori was killed by Gakkhar tribes in this attack.

Battle of Indus


Genghis Khan and Jalal-ad Din Mingburnu

Victory of Mongols, Jala-ad Din Mingburnu fleds away in India by crossing Indus

Mongol Invasion by Genghis Khan


Generals of Genghis Khan and different rulers

Genghis Khan invades Punjab, Kashmir and Delhi Sultanate.

Turkish invasion by Ala-ud-Din Khilji

1296 to 1310

Ala-ud-Din Khilji and Indian Rulers

Ala-ud-Din Khilji was a ruthless Turkish who raided and fought many wars and reigned the Khalji dynasty in northern India. In 1303 he attacked and defeated Chittor, Rani Padmini (Padmavati) of Chittor and other royal ladies commited jauhar . Khalji’s two brothers Ulugh Khan and Nusrat Khan sacked Somnath Temple. In 1307 he captured Yadava (Seuna) Empire of Devagiri. He also attacked and captured other South Indian Empires like Baglana, Warangal, Hoysala and Madurai kingdom.

Battle of Baglana


Ala-ud-Din Khilji and Rai Karan, King of Baglana

Rai Karan was defeated and Baglana annexed into Delhi Sutanate. Rai Karan’s daughter, Devala Devi held captive and was married to Khijir Khan, son of Ala-ud-Din Khalji.

Battle of Devagiri (Deogir)


Malik Kafur and Rai Ramchandra

Malik Kafur who was eunuch slave of Alaudin Khilji attacked Rai Ramchandra the Yadav clan of Deogir. Rai Ramchadra was defeated and as a alliance his daughter, Jatyapali was married to Alauddin Khalji.

1st Battle of Warangal


Prataparudra II Vs Malikuddin and Jhaju

Prataprudra II of Katakiya dynasty ruling kingdom of Warangal defeated the well equipped attack of two generals of Alauddin Khilji – Malikuddin and Jhaju.

2nd Battle of Warangal


Malik Kafur and Prataprudra II

Malik Kafur (Slave general of Alauddin Khilji) defeated Prataprudra II and ended the Kakatiya dynasty of Warangal. Prataprudra had to pay huge indemnity and annual tribute to Alauddin Khalji.

Battle of Amroha


Malik Kafur and Ali Beg, Tartaq

This battle was fought between Malik Kafur who was eunuch slave of Ala-ud-Din Khalji, ruler of Delhi Sutanate and two Mongol generals Ali Beg and Tartaq. Mongol got defeated decisevely and both Mongol generals were captured and killed later by elephants.

Battle of Madurai


Malik Kafur and Vira Ballala III of Hoysala kingdom

Vira Ballala III of Hoysala Kingdom who was ruling Halibidu (Dwar Samudra capital) was defeated by the Malik Kafur, general of Alauddin Khilji. Vira Ballala was killed in this battle.

Battle of Mabar


Vikram Pandya and Malik Kafur

Vikram Pandya of Pandya dynasty ruling Mabar defeated Malik Kafur, the slave general of Alauddin Khilji.

Timur (Tamerlane) invasion and capture of Delhi


Timur and Nasir-ud-Dim Mahmud Shah Tughlaq

Timur invaded North India and crossed Indus river on 24 Sept 1398. He attacked Delhi Sultanate ruled by Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughlaq of Tughlaq dynasty. Timur inflicted crushing defeat to Tughlaqs and sacked Delhi. About 1 lakh captives were killed. Civilians were killed brutally and Delhi was plundered.

Important Battles in Indian History during Medieval India

(Wars and Battles of Mughal Empire)






1st Battle of Panipat


Babur and Ibrahim Lodi

Daulat Khan Lodi and many other rebellion generals & nobles of Delhi Sultanate and probably Rana Sanga of Mewar invited Babur from Kabul to attack and dethrone Ibrahim Lodi from Delhi. Babur although highly outnumbered in comparison to Lodi’s strong army defeated him because of tactics and use of gunpowder. Canons, Gunpowder and artilery was used by Babur which was the first time ever use of these in Indian subcontinent. Ibrahim Lodi was killed in the field and this war paved the foundation of strong Mughal Empire in India.

Battle of Khanwa


Babur and Rana Sanga

Rajput ruler of Mewar, Rana Sanga built a great alliancejoining all Rajput kings of Rajasthan with the Afghans of east and remaining Lodis to attack Mughals at Agra. The alliance of Rana Sanga although outnumbered that of Babur, still Sanaga was dedeated and the allaiance dispersed. Rana Sanga escapes to Chittor.

Battle of Chanderi


Babur and Medini Rai

Medini Rai was a loyal supporter of Rana Sanga and Rajpur allaiance. Rana Sanga was secretly working on plans again to wage war against Babur by reuniting the allaiance again. In order to break this, Babur attacked Medini Rai at Chanderi fort of Malwa. Medini Rai along with royal ladies committed mass jauhar (suicide).

Battle of Ghagra


Babur and Sultan Mahmud Lodi

This was the third major battle of Babur after which control of Mughal Empire over India was secured and fully established. Mahmud Lodi who was the brother of Ibrahim Lodi declared himself the sultan of Delhi with the support of Nusrat shah of Bengal, Jaluddin Lohani, Sher Shah Suri , Rajputs and Afghans. Babur emerged victorious and consolidated his control.

Battle of Chausa


Sher Shah Suri and Humayun

Humayun made some strategic mistakes on not attacking the Sher Shah army while they travelled a great distance before reaching chausa. Sher Shah utilised this idle time to give necessary rest to his army. Both the armies waited for 3 months in a face-off position. The onset of rains further inflicted losses to the Mughals as their army was positioned on low land. Humayun fled to Agra.

Battle of Kannauj (Billgram)


Sher Shah Suri and Humayun

After one year of Battle of Chausa, both Mughal army and Sher Shah Suri under leadership of afghans again confronted near Kannauj. Humayun was again defeated and fled to live in exile for 15 years. Most of the Mughal army either killed or drowned in Ganga.

Battle of Sammel


Sher Shah Suri and Rajputs of Marwar

This is also called as Battle of Giri Sumel. Maldeo Rathod, the rajput king of Marwar abandoned his own generals upon receiving false news that his own generals are doing treachery. The abandoned generals although highly outnumbered fought bravely. Sher Shah although victorious received great losses in this war.

Battle of Delhi


Hemu and Tardi Beg Khan (Mughal)

Tardi Beg Khan who was the general of Akbar was positioned at Tughlaqabad (Delhi). Humayun was dead by then and Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, the Hindu king, who was popularly called as Hemu, took this opportunity to attack Delhi, defeated the Mughal forces decisevely and Delhi fell to hands of Hemu.

2nd Battle of Panipat


Akbar and Hemu

Akbar was a minor, 13 years old and the battle was fought actually between Bairam Khan, Shah Ali Quli Khan and Hemu. Although Mughals were outnumbered by huge Hemu forces, Mughals won the battle and Hemu was beheaded by Bairam Khan. Thousands of Hindus were beheaded and tower of Skull was erected by Bairam Khan to inflict fear among the Hindus. Akbar gained back the control of Delhi and India. This war is seen as restoration of Mughal power back in North and Central India.

Battle of Tallikota


Deccan Sultanates and Vijaynagar Empire

The Deccan sultanates (Ahmadnagar, Bijapur, Golkonda, Berar, Bidar) defeated the glorious and one of the greatest hindu Empires of South India, Vijaynagar. The battle was fought between Ram Raya and Tirumala Dev Raya of Vijaynagar against Adil Shah, Nizam Shah, Qutub Shah and Barid Shah of Muslim sultanates. Ramraya of Vijaynagar although superior in strenght lost the battle because of the treachery of his own two muslim generals (gilani brothers). The muslim troops of all 5 Sultanates plundered the city of Vijaynagar and set it on fire.

Battle of Haldighati


Man Singh (Mughal General) and Maharana Pratap

This battle was fought between Raja Man Singh of Amber, the general of Akbar and Maharana Pratap, the great rajput king of Mewar. Al Mughal forces under the command of Man Singh won the battle and Pratap fled away. He kept on fighting a guirilla warfare and kept intriguing the Mughal forces. This battle is the shortest battle of Indian history and lasted only 4 hours.

Invasion of Nadir Shah (Battle of Karnal)


Nadir Shah and Muhammad Shah (Mughal)

Persian invasion lead by Nadir Shah occured in year 1739 against the collapsing and weak later Mughals under Muhammad Shah. Nadir Shah won the control of Delhi without much resistance. Sacked and plundered Delhi. The amount of loot was so huge that Nadir Shah didn’t took tax in Persia for 3 years.

Important Battles in Indian History by Maratha Empire





3rd Battle of Panipat


Ahmad Shah Abdali (Durrani) and Marathas

This battle was fought between Durrani Empire of Afghanistan lead by Ahmad shah Abdali (Durrani) and Marathas lead by Sadashivrao Bhau. Ahmad Shah Abdali was supported by Rohilla Afghans and Shuja-ud-Daula of Awadh. Ahmad Shah Abdali cut-off the food supply of the huge army of Marathas which is considered as the main reason of the great loss of Marathas. Maratha rule which was eminent throughout India at this time suffered a great blow. Abdali’s army though victorious suffered huge losses sought peace and retreats North India after knowing Nanasaheb Peshwas with his fresh army was advancing to Panipat. Marathas recaptured Delhi just after 10 years of battle and re-instated Shah Alam to rule Delhi. Rohilla Afghans were defeated who assisted Abdali and were forced to pay heavy indemnity.

Maratha Mysore War (Battle of Badami and Battle of Gajendragad)


Maratha and Mysore ruler Tipu Sultan

These war is collectively the series of battles which run for two years between Maratha rulers and Tipu Sultan of Mysore. This war ended with a peace treaty after the battle of Gajendragad.

Battle of Badami


Hari Pant (Maratha) and Mysore ruler Tipu Sultan

Hari Pant, the Maratha ruler assisted by Nizam of Hyderabad captured the fort of Badami which was under rule of Mysore kingdom of Tipu Sultan.

Battle of Gajendragad


Tukajirao Holkar (Maratha) and Tipu Sultan (Mysore)

Earlier Hyder Ali, father of Tipu Sultan captured the forts of Gajendragad, Gooty, Dattawad as Marathas were busy in war with british during Anglo Maratha War. After completion of Anglo Maratha war Tukajirao Holkar recaptured the lost territories by defeating Tipu Sultan. A peace treaty was made between Marathas and Mysore.

1st Anglo Maratha War


Maratha Empire and British East India Company

This includes a series of battles and skirmishes in which Maratha Empire defeated British Forces. Raghunathrao killed his own nephew Narayanrao and became Peshwa illegally. Nana Phadnavis and other Maratha rulers wanted to reinstate the son of assasinated Narayanrao as Peshwa. Raghunathrao made Treaty of Surat to get help from British. This war ended with Treaty of Salbai between Maratha and British.

2nd Anglo Maratha War


British East India Company and Maratha Empire

This includes a series of battles in which British East India company defeated Maratha rulers. Various battles in this series of war are Battle of Delhi 1803, Battle of Assaye 1803, Battle of Laswari 1803, Capture of Gwalighur 1803, Battle of Argaon 1803, Siege of Deeg Fort 1804, Siege of Delhi 1804, Battle of Farrukhabad 1804, and Battle of Bharatpur 1805. Only in Battle of Bharatpur, Marathas were able to defeat and repulse the British Forces four times when they attempted to capture Bharatpur Fort.

Battle of Khadki (Kirkee)


Lt. Col Burr (British) and Bapu Gokhale (Maratha)

Battle of Khadki was a dicisive British victory and consolidated British East India company’s position near the Pune, the stronghold of Maratha Empire.

Battles in Indian History fought by Europeans (British, French, Dutch)





First Carnatic War (Battle of Madras, Battle of Cuddalor, Battle of Adyar)


French East India Company, British East India Company, Nawab of Carnatic

The first Carnatic war is actually a set of battles and skirmishes that occurred between French, British and Nawab of Carnatic. This war is also seen as the course of action for gaining influence on the eastern coast of India by the European trading companies (French and British). General Dupleix of French East india Co. promised Nawab of the Carnatic, Anwaruddin Muhammed Khan to handover Fort St George after capturing it from British during battle of Madras. But later he refused, resulting that Nawab of Carnatic attacked French Forces. French successfully repulsed strong army of Nawab in Battle of Adyar.

Battle of Madras (Part of 1st Carnatic War)


French and British Fleet

French fleet under the command of La Bourdonnais bombarded the British settlements of Madras. Madras was captured by French from British forces. Many British officers held captive. Later French gave back Madras to British after treaty of Aix La Chapellle.

2nd Carnatic War (Battle of Ambur, Battle of Arnee, Battle of Chingleput, Siege of Trichinopoly, Battle of Golden Rock


British, French, Nawab of Hyderabad, Nawab of Carnatic, Nawab of Bengal

Second Carnatic war is a series of battles and skirmishes between British East India Co., French East India Co, Nawabs of Hyderabad, Carnatic and Bengal for dominance on Coromandal (East coast of India). British East India Co. which was highly trained and efficient proved his supermacy and captured most of the strategic areas of Coromandal. French were restricted only to Pondicherry. Chanda Sahib of Carnatic, Muzaffar Jung, and Nizam of Hyderbad were supported by French. Nasir Jung who was son and successor of Muzaffar Jung as Nizam of Hyderabad was supported by British.

Battle of Ambur (Part of 2nd Carnatic War)


Chanda Sahib, Muzaffar Jung, French Vs Nawab of Ambur

Nizam ul Mulk, the Nizam of Hyderabad declared his grandson Muzzafar Jung as the new Nizam. Nasir Jung who was son Nizam ul Mulk captured Hyderabad by coup. Nawab ofArcot Anwarrudin Md Khan supported Nasir Jung’s claim. Due to this Chanda Sahib of Carnatic, Muzaffar Jung supported by French Forces attacked Nwab of Arcot. Nawab of Arcot was defeated and killed. Chanda Sahib was declared new Nawab of Carnatic.

Battle of Arnee (Part of 2nd Carnatic War)


British with Maratha Allies Vs French and Nawab of Arcot

A Treasure which was being transferred was guarded by French army supported by Chanda Sahib, Nawab of Arcot. This allied force was attacked near Arnee by British. The treasure was looted by British under command of Robert Clive.

Battle of Golden Rock (part of 2nd Carnatic War)


British Vs French supported by Hyder Ali

French forces supported by Hyder Ali of Mysore attacked British settlements near Trichinopoly. British forces lead by Stringer Lawrence defeated this French attack.

3rd Carnatic War


British Vs French East India Co

These are a set of battles and skirmishes between British and French Forces. Third Carnatic war crossed the boundary of south India and reached upto Bengal where British attacked and captured Chandannagar. Third Carnatic war ended with Battle of Wandiwash in which French forces were defeated decisevely and their last settlement of Pondicherry was occupied by British.

Battle of Plassey


Nawab of Bengal & French allies Vs British East India Co.

Siraj ud-Daulah the nawab of Bengal grew suspicious by the increasing influence of British in Bengal. This ultimatley lead to battle with British in which he was supported by French allies. British forces although highly outnumbered, defeated the Nawab of Bengal comprehensively and captured Bengal. Mir Jafar who was the mlitary general of Sirajuddaulah was bribed and lured by Robert Clive to make him new Nawab of Bengal. Jafar cheated with Sirajuddaullah and the battle ended just in 40 min. Mir Jafar was appointed as puppet Nawab of Bengal by British. Siraj escaped from battle field, but later captured by Jafar’s son and was killed. After 2 years of the battle, Mir Jafar was dismissed and Mir Qasim was appointed new Nawab of Bengal. British forces hence become the supreme power in Bengal.

Battle of Wandiwash


British East India Co Vs French East India Co.

This was the last battle of Thirs Carnatic war in which British decisevely defeated French and virtually ended their existence from Pondicherry. British Forces have by this time become very stronger after the revenues from Bengal, Hyderabad and other regions of South India. First the fort of Wandiwash was attacked by British by which the poorly equipped French forces fled to Pondicherry. Later the French forces surrendered from Pondicherry on 17 Jan 1961.

Battle of Buxar


British East India Co Vs alliance of Nawab of Bengal, Awadh and Mughals

This was the final decisive victory of British which ensured complete authority of British Forces over North India. The combined forces of Mir Qasim, Nawab of Bengal; Shuja-ud-Daulah, Nawab of Awadh; Shah alam II, the Mughal king were defeated by Hector Munroe leading British Forces. Shah Alam was forced to sign the Treaty of Allahabad by which he had to cede the tax rights of most of the regions of north India.

Important Battles in Indian History by Mysore Kingdom





1st Anglo Mysore War


Hyder Ali (Mysore) Vs British, Marathas

This war is a series of battles and skirmishes fought by Hyder Ali who was on a mission of aggresive expansionist policy. He fought several battles with British and Marathas with mixed results. The battles include Battle of Chengam, Battle of Tiruvannamalai, and Siege of Ambur.

2nd Anglo Mysore War


Hyder ali, Tipu Sultan (Mysore) Vs British

This war is a series of battles between Mysore kingdom ruled by Hyder ali supported by French allies against British East India company. Various battles in this series of war includes Battle of Pollilur, Battle of Porto Novo, Battle of Sholinghur, Siege of Tellicherry, Vellore, Cuddalore, Mangalore.

Battle of Pollilur


Tipu Sultan Vs British East India Co.

Tipu Sultan inflicted crushing defeat to British forces lead by Col. Baillie. This war is remembered for the iron made rockets used by Mysore whch were more advanced than the British rockets.

Battle of Porto Novo


British Forces Vs Hyder ali

British forces lead by Eyre Coote defeated Hyder Ali in this battle near Porto Novo, Cuddalore.

Battle of Sholinghur


British Forces Vs Hyder Ali

British forces lead by Eyre Coote again defeated Hyder Ali and inflicted heavy losses to his army. Hyder Ali was forces to leave Carnatic.

3rd Anglo Mysore War


Mysore kingdom Vs British East India Co.

This war is a series of battles with mixed results fought between Tipu Sultan supported by French army against British East India company supported by Maratha and Hyderabad. The battles of this war include Battle of Nedumkotta, Battle of Calicut, Battle of Sittimungulum, Battle of Arakere, Capture of Hooly Honroe, Capture of Seringapatanam, Capture of Shimoga etc.

4th Anglo Mysore War


British Forces Vs Tipu Sultan

This war includes battle of Mallavelly, Battle of Seedaseer, Siege of Seringapatanam. This war was the final war between British and Tipu Sultan. Tipu Sultan was killed in this war by British Forces lead by Earl of Mornington. Mysore kingdom was given back to Wodeyar dynasty under subsidary alliance.



So this was all about the Important Battles in Indian History. Similarly, one of the most important event in Indian History is – The Tripartite Struggle. You can read about it Here. 

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