General Knowledge

Complete List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

  • UNESCO is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) aimed at contributing “to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information.”
  • Headquartered in Paris, France, UNESCO has 193 member states and 11 associate members.
  • UNESCO seeks to build a culture of peace and inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.
  • It sponsors projects related to literacy, technical training, education, the advancement of science, promoting independent media and freedom of the press
  • It also assists in translating and disseminating world literature, establishing international cooperation agreements to secure “World Heritage Sites” of cultural and natural importance, and bridging the worldwide digital divide.

Complete List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India, World heritage sites of India list, Complete Updated List of 2020, UNESCO Heritage sites of India... Static GK Notes on Studywrap.com

What is World Heritage Sites?

  • A World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by UNESCO for its special cultural, physical, historical, scientific or other form of significance, which is legally protected by international treaties. The list of World Heritage Sites is maintained by the international ‘World Heritage Programme’, administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity.
  • This is embodied in an International treaty called the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by UNESCO in 1972.
  • India has the sixth largest number of sites in the world. India has 38 world heritage sites that include 30 Cultural Sites, 7 Natural Sites and 1 mixed site.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

The List of UNESCO World heritage Sites in India includes the following –

UNESCO Heritage
Site

Location

Year of
Nomination

Type

Taj Mahal

Agra, Uttar Pradesh

1983

Cultural

Agra Fort

Uttar Pradesh

1983

Cultural

Ajanta Caves

Maharashtra

1983

Cultural

Ellora Caves

Aurangabad, Maharashtra

1983

Cultural

Monuments at Mahabalipuram

Chennai, Tamil Nadu

1984

Cultural

Sun Temple, Konark

Odisha

1984

Cultural

Kaziranga National Park

Assam

1985

Natural

Keoladeo National Park

Rajasthan

1985

Natural

Manas wildlife Sanctuary

Assam

1985

Natural

Churches and Convents of Goa

Goa

1986

Cultural

Fatehpur Sikri

Agra, Uttar Pradesh

1986

Cultural

Group of Monuments at Hampi

Bellary, Karnataka

1986

Cultural

Khajuraho group of Monuments

Madhya Pradesh

1986

Cultural

Elephanta Caves

Mumbai, Maharashtra

1987

Cultural

Great Living Chola Temples

Tamil Nadu

1987

Cultural

Group of Monuments at Pattadakal

Karnataka

1987

Cultural

Sundarban National Park

West Bengal

1987

Natural

Nanda Devi National Park

Uttarakhand

1988

Natural

Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

Madhya Pradesh

1989

Cultural

Humayun’s Tomb

Delhi

1993

Cultural

Qutb Minar and its Monuments

Delhi

1993

Cultural

Mountain Railways of India

West Bengal

1999

Cultural

Mahabodhi Temple Complex

Bodh Gaya, Bihar

2001

Cultural

Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka

Madhya Pradesh

2003

Cultural

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaelogical Park

Gujarat

2004

Cultural

Chhatrapathi Shivaji Terminus

Mumbai, Maharashtra

2004

Cultural

Red Fort Complex

Delhi

2007

Cultural

Jantar Mantar

Jaipur, Rajasthan

2010

Cultural

Western Ghats

Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu

2010

Natural

Hill Forts of Rajasthan

Rajasthan

2013

Cultural

Rani- ki- Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell)

Patan, Gujarat

2014

Cultural

The Great Himalayan National Park

Himachal Pradesh

2014

Natural

Khangchendzonga National Park

Sikkim

2016

Mixed

The Architectural work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Chandigarh

2016

Cultural

Archaelogical site of Nalanda Mahavihara

Nalanda, Bihar

2016

Cultural

Historic City of Ahmadabad

Gujarat

2017

Cultural

Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai

Mumbai, Maharashtra

2018

Cultural

Pink City

Jaipur, Rajasthan

2019

Cultural

 

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