General Knowledge

List of Important Forts in India (Complete List)

List of Important Forts in India

Forts in India

  • India is the land of great warriors and leaders who were very skilful and creative in thoughts. During their rule, they constructed such a piece of Architectural marvel that stands till date. Today the World appreciate these standing heritage and the excellent sense of engineering they are built with.
  • Most of the forts in India are actually castles, fortified palaces or fortresses, but when the British Government in India were cataloguing the defences in the 17th–19th century, they used the word forts which became the common description across India.

Static GK Notes on Studywrap.com , List of Important Forts in India, Complete List of Major forts of India, Forts of India in Rajasthan, Maratha Forts of India, Rajput Forts of India, GK Note

Forts and their History

  • Of all the Indian monuments, forts and palaces are most mesmerizing. Most of the Indian forts were built as a defence mechanism to keep the enemy away.
  • There are numerous forts and palaces in whole India of varied sizes. These grand forts clearly depict the glory of Indian majestic past.
  • The notable feature about each of the forts and palaces is the delicate carving work that has survived till date and still receives appreciation from tourists and observers.
  • In this article, we will take a look at the list of some major Forts in India and also try to remember them!

To read about the Schemes and Programs of the Government of India under Various Ministry to preserve and promote tourism you can follow the links –

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List of Important Forts in India

So, Here the List of Most Important Forts in India – 

State

Name

City

Built by

Notes

Rajasthan

 

Mehrangarh Fort

 

Jodhpur

 

Rao Jodha

 

· Built by Rao Jodha in 1459

· Also known as Mehran Fort.

· One of the largest forts in the country.

· Known as “The Sun Fort”

· Include the Sheesh Mahal, Phool Mahal and Moti Mahal.

· “Not a work of men but giants” – Rudyard Kipling

 

 

Kumbhalgarh Fort

Udaipur

Rana Kumbha

·  Built between AD 1443 and 1458

· Has the second largest wall (38km) after the Great Wall of China.

·  Also the birthplace of Maharana Pratap.

· Declared the UNESCO world heritage site in 2013.

 

 

Amber Fort

Or Amer Fort

 

Amber

Raja Man Singh

 

· Built by Maharaja Man Singh I in 1592

· Known as “Gateway of Rajasthan”

· stands right next to Lake Maota

· The fort is believed to be unconquered.

· Become part of World Heritage Site in India in 2013.

 

 

Jaisalmer Fort

 

Jaisalmer

 

Rawal Jaisal

 

· Built in 1156.

· Also known as Sonar Quila or the Golden Fort.

· Situated on Trikuta Hill in Thar Desert.

· One of the largest desert fort in the world, in fact a large population of the city resides in the fort.

· Fort is built without using water, therefore, is a marvel of architecture.

 

 

Chittorgarh
Fort

Chittorgarh

 

Maharana
Kumbha

 

· Built in 15th Century.

· Also called Water Fort as this fort was once self-sufficient in water with 84 water bodies however, remaining are only 21.

· The two major attractions of the fort are the towers – Vijay Stambh and Kirti Stambh. Meera
Temple is also situated in the Fort along with many Palaces – Fateh Prakash Palace, Rana Kumbha Palace and Rani Padmini’s Palace.

· Declared World Heritage in 2013 by UNESCO.

 

 

Junagarh Fort

Bikaner

Maharaja Rai Singh

 

· Built around 1588

· Described as a paradox between medieval military & meticulous interiors.

· Fort has number of palaces & temples made of sandstone and marbles.

· Inside the fort include Phool Mahal, Anup Mahal, Karan Mahal, Chandra Mahal and Badal Mahal.

Taragarh Fort

Bundi

Rao Deva

· Constructed in the year 1354

· Popularly known as the ‘Star Fort’.

Neemrana Fort Palace

Alwar

 

Raja Rajdeo

 

· Built-in 1464

· Shows a blend of traditional Rajasthani and modern styled interior.

Ranthambore
Fort

 

Prempura

 

 

 

· Built in 10th Century

· lies within the Ranthambore National Park

· Was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan.

Bhangarh Fort

Alwar

Bhagwant Das

· Built around 17th Century.

 

 

Jaigarh Fort

 

Jaipur

 

Sawai Jai Singh II

 

· Built in 18th Centuary (1726)

· rested on the top of the ‘Cheel ka Teela’ hills

· Amalgamation of various styles of architecture, namely the Mughal, Rajputana and European styles.

 

Delhi

 

Red Fort

 

Delhi

 

Shah Jahan

· Built by Shah Jahan, completed in 1648.

· Formerly known as Quila-e-Mubarak.

· Derives its name from Red Sandstone used for building Walls.

· Lies on the bank of river Yamuna.

· The fort complex is huge and comprises of several attractions namely Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Nahr-i-Bashisht and Moti Masjid.

· Powerful symbol of India’s sovereignty.

· India’s PM addresses the nation & hosts flag on Independence Day & Republic Day here.

· Declared World Heritage Site in 2007.

Madhya Pradesh

 

Gwalior Fort

 

Gwalior

 

Rana Man
Singh Tomar

 

· Built in 15th Century

· Referred to as ‘the pearl amongst fortresses in India’ by Mughal emperor Babur.

· Ruled by 110 rulers.

· Ceramic glaze tiles, beautiful motifs & intricate lattice work all contribute in making it a very appealing structure.

Orchha Fort

 

Orchha

 

Rudra Pratap Singh

· Built in 1501 by Bundela King Rudra Pratap Singh.

· Fort includes palaces such as Raja Mahal or Raja Mandir, Sheesh Mahal, Jahangir Mahal, a temple, gardens and pavilions.

Telengana

 

Golconda Fort

 

Hyderabad

 

Kakatiya Kings

 

· Completed in 16th Century.

· One of the largest forts in India.

· Got its name from “Shepherd’s Hill”.

· One can experience an excellent sense of engineering due to the acoustic effects produced when clapping hands can heard even a kilometre away at the ‘Bala Hisar’ pavilion.

Warangal Fort

Warangal

 

· Built in Kakatiya Rulers.

· Has four Ornamental Gates which are part of Official Emblem of Telangana Government.

· Fort is now in Ruins, only remnants are present.

Goa

Chapora Fort

Bardez

Portuguese

· Rebuild in 1717.

· named after river Chapora.

Fort Aguada

Panjim

Portuguese

· Construction was started in the year 1609 and was completed in 1612.

· Located at the shore of Mandovi River.

· Has also been used as Aguada jail. A lighthouse is also present in the Fort.

Himachal Pradesh

Kangra
Fort

Kangra

Bhuma Chand

· Built around  4300 B.C

· Situated on the confluence of Banganga & Manjhi river.

· Largest fort in Himalayas & oldest in India.

Jammu and
Kashmir

 

Bahu Fort

Jammu

Raja Gulab Singh

· Refurbished by Raja Gulab Singh in 19th century.

· There is a temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali.

Akhnoor Fort

 

Mian Tej Singh

 

· Construction was started by Mian Tej Singh in 1762.

· Situated on on the right bank of Chenab River.

Maharashtra

Panhala Fort

 

Kolhapur

 

Bhoja II,
Adil Shah

· Built around 1178-1209, later modified by the Marathas.

· Architecture of the fort is Bijapuri style with a peacock motif of Bahamani style.

Daulatabad Fort

Aurangabad

Muhammad
Bin Tughluq

· Built in 14th Century

· Also known as Devgiri fort.

· The fort was built to confuse attackers with its narrow and curvy path.

· Major attraction of the place is a Maze built to baffle attackers.

Rajmachi Fort

Khandala

 

· also known as ‘Bale Killa’

· Located amid the Sahyadri Range of Western Ghats.

· Built by the Satavahanas and played an important role in the Anglo-Maratha war.

Lohagad Fort

Pune

· constructed around 18th century

· Comprises of four main gates namely Narayan Darwaza, Hanuman Darwaza, Ganesh Darwaza and Maha Darwaza.

Raigad Fort

Raigad, Pune

Chandrarao Mores

· built by Chandrarao Mores in 1030

· seized by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in 1656.

· It was the capital of the Maratha capital during the reign of Shivaji Maharaj.

Sindhudurg Fort

Malvan

Chhatrapati
Shivaji

· Built around 1664.

· Later on, it was overthrown by the British and was re-named, Port Augustus.

· has 42 bastions, which still stand tall

Murud Janjira Fort

Raigad

 

· Located on an island off of the coastal village of Murad, in Arabian Sea.

· Many Indian and European cannons are still present on the bastions

Karnataka

Sriranga-
patnam Fort

Sriranga-
patnam,

Kempe Gowda

· Completed in 1537

· Also called “Tipu Sultan’s Palace”

· reflects the Indo-Islamic architectural style

· Inside the fort there are many military, religious and ciic structures.

Bidar Fort

Bidar

· Some of the prominent structures within the fort comprise of the Rangeen Mahal, Solah Khamba Mosque

 

Chitradurga
Fort

Chitradurga

 

· Built around 17th century.

· Along with citadels and mosques, Chitradurga Fort has 18 temples

Kerala

Palakkad Fort

Palakkad

Haider Ali

· Built in 1766.

· Also Known as Tipu’s Fort.

Uttar Pradesh

 

Agra Fort

 

Agra

 

Akbar

 

· Built by Akbar in 1573.

· Located on Right Bank of Yamuna.

· Made up of Red Sandstone.

· Beautiful example of Mughal Style of Art and Architecture.

· Within the premises of the fort lie the most attractive structures namely, Diwan-i I Khas, Diwan-i I Aam, Moti Masjid and Jahangiri Mahal.

· Inducted in World Heritage Site of India.

 

Jhansi Fort

jhansi

Raja Bir Singh

· Built in

· Popularly known as Jhansi ka Quila

· The interiors of the fort are made from granite and houses several gates.

· Flaunts an architectural mesh of Bundela and Maratha styles.

 

Pics of Some Forts of India

Jhansi Fort, Uttar Pradesh
List of Important Forts in India (Complete List), Complete List of Important Forts of India, List of Major Forts of India, Forts of Rajasthan, Forts of Maharashtra, Forts of madhya Pradesh, Static GK notes on Studywrap.com
Rajmachi Fort, Maharashtra
List of Important Forts in India (Complete List), Complete List of Important Forts of India, List of Major Forts of India, Forts of Rajasthan, Forts of Maharashtra, Forts of madhya Pradesh, Static GK notes on Studywrap.com
Gwalior Fort, Madhya Pradesh
List of Important Forts in India (Complete List), Complete List of Important Forts of India, List of Major Forts of India, Forts of Rajasthan, Forts of Maharashtra, Forts of madhya Pradesh, Static GK notes on Studywrap.com
Golconda Fort, Karnataka
Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Murud Janjira Fort, Maharashtra
Orchha Fort, Madhya Pradesh
List of Important Forts in India (Complete List), Complete List of Important Forts of India, List of Major Forts of India, Forts of Rajasthan, Forts of Maharashtra, Forts of madhya Pradesh, Static GK notes on Studywrap.com
Mehrangarh Fort, Rajasthan
List of Important Forts in India (Complete List), Complete List of Important Forts of India, List of Major Forts of India, Forts of Rajasthan, Forts of Maharashtra, Forts of madhya Pradesh, Static GK notes on Studywrap.com
Amber Fort, Rajasthan
Kangra Fort, Himachal Pradesh
Kumbhalgarh fort, Rajasthan
Raigad Fort, Maharashtra
List of Important Forts in India (Complete List), Complete List of Important Forts of India, List of Major Forts of India, Forts of Rajasthan, Forts of Maharashtra, Forts of madhya Pradesh, Static GK notes on Studywrap.com
Chittorgarh fort, Rajasthan

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