EnvironmentGeneral KnowledgeGeography

Marine Protected Areas in India (Complete State-wise List)

Marine Protected Areas in India

What is Marine Protected Areas?

· A Marine Protected Area is a zone in the ocean or littoral area where anthropogenic activities are regulated more strictly than the surrounding waters. These places are given special protections for marine wildlife by the national, regional, state and local authorities.

· It is a clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values.

· MPAs restrict human activity for a conservation purpose, typically to protect natural or cultural resources. This restriction includes different limitations on development, fishing practices, fishing seasons and catch limits, moorings and bans on removing or disrupting marine life.

· MPA is an umbrella term to describe a wide range of protected areas for marine conservation around the world.

What is Marine Protected Areas?, importance of Marine Protected Areas in India, Complete State-wise List of Marine Protected Areas in India, studywrap.com

Why Marine Protected Area (MPA)?

· Marine protected areas are essential to –

o  Safeguard biodiversity and

o  Sustain vibrant seas and oceans

o  Increase biomass and biodiversity in tropical and temperate ecosystems.

o  Serve as insurance policies against the impacts of fishing and other destructive activities.

Marine Protected Area in India

· India has a coastline of 8,118 km, with an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 2.02 million km² and a continental shelf area of 372,424 km², spread across 9 maritime States and Union Territories, including the islands of Andaman and Nicobar, and Lakshadweep.

· India’s biodiversity protection programmes have been highly successful with 600 protected areas across 161,221 km². Protected areas account for 4.9% of the country’s total geographical area.

· The important species found in the Indian waters include, Dugongs, Whales, Dolphins, Olive Ridley Turtles, a variety of fishes including the Whale Sharks & other sharks, Giant Groupers, Sea cucumbers, horseshoe crabs, sea shells, soft & hard corals, etc.

Regulation of Marine Protected Areas in India

· In India, all marine protected areas fall under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). It is the nodal agency at the central level and responsible for –

o  Planning,

o  Promotion,

o  Co-ordination and

o  Overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes (Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project, 2012).

· At the state level the Department of Forests (under the Ministry of Environment and Forests) acts as the nodal agency for the same.

· Departments of Fisheries are responsible for managing the fisheries resources in their particular state.

· The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) deals with the science and technology research of exploitation of ocean resources (living and non-living).

Complete State-wise List of Marine Protected Areas in India

· India has at present have following designated Marine Protected Areas in Peninsular India.

· Besides these, there are many Marine Protected Areas in Islands of India i.e. Andaman and Nicobar Island and Lakshadweep.

List of Marine Protected Areas in peninsular India

S.No

State

Name of MPA

Category

Area

Established

1

Andhra Pradesh

 

Coringa

Sanctuary

235.7

1978

2

Krishna

Sanctuary

194.81

1989

3

Pulicat Lake

Sanctuary

500

1980

4

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Sanctuary

92.16

2000

5

Daman & Diu

Fudam

Sanctuary

2.18

1991

6

Goa

Chorao Island

Sanctuary

1.78

1988

7

Gujarat

 

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh)

National Park

162.89

1995

8

Khijadia

Sanctuary

6.05

1981

9

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh)

Sanctuary

295.03

1980

10

Kerala

Kadalundi Vallikkunnu Com R

Community Reserve

1.50

2007

11

Maharashtra

Malvan Marine

Sanctuary

29.12

1987

12

Thane Creek Flamingo

Sanctuary

16.905

2015

13

Odisha

 

Bhitarkanika

National Park

145

1998

14

Bhitarkanika

Sanctuary

672

1975

15

Chilka (Nalaban)

Sanctuary

15.53

1987

16

Gahirmatha

Sanctuary

1435

1997

17

Balukhand Konark

Sanctuary

71.72

1984

18

Tamil Nadu

 

Gulf of Mannar Marine

National Park

6.23

1980

19

Point Calimere

Sanctuary

172.6

1967

20

Pulicat Lake

Sanctuary

153.67

1980

21

West Bengal

 

Sundarbans

National Park

1330.1

1984

22

West Sundarbans

Sanctuary

556.45

2013

23

Haliday Island

Sanctuary

5.95

1976

24

Sajnakhali

Sanctuary

2091.1

1976

25

Lothian Island

Sanctuary

38

1976

 

What is Marine Protected Areas?, importance of Marine Protected Areas in India, Complete State-wise List of Marine Protected Areas in India, Marine Protected Areas in India map, studywrap.com

List of Marine Protected Areas in Islands of India

There are many Marine Protected Areas in Islands of India i.e. Andaman and Nicobar Island and Lakshadweep.

S.No

State

Name of MPA

Category

Area

Established

1

Andaman &

Nicobar

Arial Island

Sanctuary

0.05

1977

2

Bamboo Island

Sanctuary

0.05

1977

3

Barren Island

Sanctuary

11.99

1977

4

Battimalv Island

Sanctuary

5.03

1977

5

Belle Island

Sanctuary

0.08

1977

6

Bennett Island

Sanctuary

3.46

1977

7

Bingham Island

Sanctuary

0.08

1977

8

Blister Island

Sanctuary

0.26

1977

9

Bluff Island

Sanctuary

1.14

1977

10

Bondoville Island

Sanctuary

2.55

1977

11

Brush Island

Sanctuary

0.23

1977

12

Buchanan Island

Sanctuary

9.33

1977

13

Campbell

National Park

426.23

1992

14

Chanel Island

Sanctuary

0.13

1977

15

Cinque Islands

Sanctuary

9.51

1977

16

Clyde Island

Sanctuary

0.54

1977

17

Cone Island

Sanctuary

0.65

1977

18

Curlew (B.P.) Island

Sanctuary

0.16

1977

19

Curlew Island

Sanctuary

0.03

1977

20

Defence Island

Sanctuary

10.49

1977

21

Dot Island

Sanctuary

0.13

1977

22

Dottrell Island

Sanctuary

0.13

1977

23

Duncan Island

Sanctuary

0.73

1977

24

East Island

Sanctuary

6.11

1977

25

East Of Inglis Island

Sanctuary

3.55

1977

26

Egg Island

Sanctuary

0.05

1977

27

Elat Island

Sanctuary

9.36

1977

28

Entrance Island

Sanctuary

0.96

1977

29

Galathea

National Park

110

1992

30

Gander Island

Sanctuary

0.05

1977

31

Girjan Island

Sanctuary

0.16

1977

32

Goose Island

Sanctuary

0.01

1977

33

Hump Island

Sanctuary

0.47

1977

34

Interview Island

Sanctuary

133.87

1977

35

James Island

Sanctuary

2.1

1977

36

Jungle Island

Sanctuary

0.52

1977

37

Kyd Island

Sanctuary

8

1977

38

Landfall Island

Sanctuary

29.48

1977

39

Latouche Island

Sanctuary

0.96

1977

40

Lohabarrack

Sanctuary

22.21

1977

41

Andaman &

Nicobar

Mahatma Gandhi Marine

National Park

281.5

1983

42

Mangrove Island

Sanctuary

0.39

1977

43

Mask Island

Sanctuary

0.78

1977

44

Mayo Island

Sanctuary

0.1

1977

45

Megapode Island

Sanctuary

0.12

1977

46

Middle Button Island

National Park

0.44

1987

47

Montogemery Island

Sanctuary

0.21

1977

48

Mount Harriett

National Park

46.62

1987

49

Narcondam Island

Sanctuary

6.81

1977

50

North Brother Island

Sanctuary

0.75

1977

51

North Button Island

National Park

0.44

1987

52

North Island

Sanctuary

0.49

1977

53

North Reef Island

Sanctuary

3.48

1977

54

Oliver Island

Sanctuary

0.16

1977

55

Orchid Island

Sanctuary

0.1

1977

56

Ox Island

Sanctuary

0.13

1977

57

Oyster Island-I

Sanctuary

0.08

1977

58

Oyster Island-II

Sanctuary

0.21

1977

59

Paget Island

Sanctuary

7.36

1977

60

Parkinson Island

Sanctuary

0.34

1977

61

Passage Island

Sanctuary

0.62

1977

62

Patric Island

Sanctuary

0.13

1977

63

Peacock Island

Sanctuary

0.62

1977

64

Pitman Island

Sanctuary

1.37

1977

65

Point Island

Sanctuary

3.07

1977

66

Potanma Islands

Sanctuary

0.16

1977

67

Ranger Island

Sanctuary

4.26

1977

68

Rani Jhansi

National Park

256.14

1996

69

Reef Island

Sanctuary

1.74

1977

70

Roper Island

Sanctuary

1.46

1977

71

Ross Island

Sanctuary

1.01

1977

72

Rowe Island

Sanctuary

0.01

1977

73

Saddle Peak

National Park

32.54

1987

74

Sandy Island

Sanctuary

1.58

1977

75

Sea Serpent Island

Sanctuary

0.78

1977

76

Shark Island

Sanctuary

0.6

1977

77

Shearme Island

Sanctuary

7.85

1977

78

Sir Hugh Rose Island

Sanctuary

1.06

1977

79

Sisters Island

Sanctuary

0.36

1977

80

Snake Island-I

Sanctuary

0.73

1977

81

Andaman &

Nicobar

 

Snake Island-II

Sanctuary

0.03

1977

82

South Brother Island

Sanctuary

1.24

1977

83

South Button Island

National Park

0.03

1987

84

South Reef Island

Sanctuary

1.17

1977

85

South Sentinel Island

Sanctuary

1.61

1977

86

Spike Island-I

Sanctuary

0.42

1977

87

Spike Island-II

Sanctuary

11.7

1977

88

Stoat Island

Sanctuary

0.44

1977

89

Surat Island

Sanctuary

0.31

1977

90

Swamp Island

Sanctuary

4.09

1977

91

Table (Delgarno) Island

Sanctuary

2.29

1977

92

Table (Excelsior) Island

Sanctuary

1.69

1977

93

Talabaicha Island

Sanctuary

3.21

1977

94

Temple Island

Sanctuary

1.04

1977

95

Tillongchang Island

Sanctuary

36.43

1977

96

Tree Island

Sanctuary

0.03

1977

97

Trilby Island

Sanctuary

0.96

1977

98

Tuft Island

Sanctuary

0.29

1977

99

Turtle Islands

Sanctuary

0.39

1977

100

Kwangtung Island

Sanctuary

0.57

1987

101

West Island

Sanctuary

6.4

1977

102

Wharf Island

Sanctuary

0.11

1977

103

White Cliff Island

Sanctuary

0.47

1977

104

Galathea Bay

Sanctuary

11.44

1997

105

Cuthbert Bay

Sanctuary

5.82

1997

106

Lakshadweep

Pitti

Sanctuary

0.01

2002

 

 

So this was all about the Complete State-wise List of Marine Protected Areas of India. To read more such notes on General Knowledge – Click Here.

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