EnvironmentGeneral KnowledgeGeography

Bird Sanctuaries in India (Complete State-wise List)

Bird Sanctuaries in India

What is Bird Sanctuary?

· Each and every bird has a different natural habitat. That is why we can’t find a similar bird everywhere. To protect these birds and their species, their natural environment should be protected.

· Bird sanctuaries in India are built to protect the birds in their natural environment or Habitat. They are natural facilities that serve the conservation of various species and also their natural habitat. Further, it also promotes the survival and rehabilitation of these birds.

Importance of Bird Conservation

· Wild birds are a vital part of the ecosystem and provide many key services, Such as –

o  They help in maintaining the diversity of the planet.

o  They help control rodent populations.  

o  Birds also help control insect populations.  

o  Birds also help greatly with seed dispersal, and increase forest growth and conservation.  

o  They are an important part of ecosystems in that they can function as food for other predators. 

o  Birds can teach us appreciation of natural diversity.  

 

Bird Sanctuaries in India

· India is known for its rich biodiversity and is a home for more than 1200 species of birds including local as well as migrant birds.

· There are more than 60 bird sanctuaries in India. Bird sanctuaries in India act as nature facilities that helps the conservation of various species of birds and their natural habitats while promoting rehabilitation and survival.

 

Important Bird Areas

· An Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for the conservation of bird populations.

· The Important Bird Areas Programme of Birdlife International aims to identify, monitor and protect a global network of IBAs for conservation of the world’s birds and associated biodiversity.

· The Important Bird Areas serve as conservation areas for protection of birds at the global, regional or sub-regional level.

· According to Birdlife International, designation of Important Bird Areas is based on standardized criteria, namely

§ hold significant numbers of one or more globally threatened bird species,

§ be one of a set of sites that together hold a suite of restricted-range species or biome-restricted species and

§ Have exceptionally large numbers of migratory or congregator birds.

· The IBAs contain a range of habitats, such as wetlands, mudflats, microhabitats in biodiversity hotspots, grasslands and scrublands, making them excellent indicators of biodiversity richness.

· The Bombay Natural History Society and Birdlife International have identified 467 IBAs in India (Islam and Rahmani, 2004).

· Forty percent of these IBAs fall outside the Protected Areas network and thus form an important tool for landscape-level conservation planning.

· The Bombay Natural History Society has also prepared a list of 96 new/potential sites which can be designated as IBAs in the future.

Bird Sanctuaries of India Map, Bird sanctuaries in India on Map, Studywrap.com

Complete State-wise List of Bird Sanctuaries in India

· In this article, we have provided with you some of the important Bird Sanctuaries in India. Apart from National Parks and wildlife sanctuaries, questions from this topic can also be asked in the exam. This topic is important especially for exams like UPSC, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC CPO, and Railways.

· Following is the List of Bird Sanctuaries in India –

 

State

Bird Sanctuaries in India

Establishment

Location

Andhra Pradesh

Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary

1976

Nellore

Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

1976

Nellore

Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary

1973

Nellore

Uppalapadu Bird Sanctuary

2005

Uppalapadu

Kolleru Bird Sanctuary

1999

Kolleru

Bihar

Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary

1987

Begusarai

Delhi

Najafgarh Drain Bird Sanctuary

1986 – 1989

Delhi 

Goa

Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary

1988

Charao

Gujarat

Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary

1988

Kalyanpur

Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary

1982

Jamnagar

Kutch Bustard Sanctuary

1992

Abdasa District

Porbandar Bird Sanctuary

1988

Porbandar

Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary

1969

Nalsarovar

Thol Lake

1988

Kalol

Wachana Bird Sanctuary

proposed

 

Haryana

Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary

2009

Jhajjar

Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary

1987

Khaparwas

Himachal Pradesh

Gamgul

1962

Chamba

Jammu & Kashmir

Hokera Wetland

2005

Srinagar

Karnataka

Attiveri Bird Sanctuary

2000

Belgaum

Bankapura Peacock Sanctuary

2006

Bankapura

Bonal Bird Sanctuary

2010

Bonal

Gudavi Bird Sanctuary

1976

Shimoga

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary

1940

Mandya

Kaggaladu Bird Sanctuary

1999

Kaggaladu

Magadi Bird Sanctuary

1960s

Magdi

Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary

1987

Shimoga

Puttenahalli Lake (Yelahanka)

2007: proposed

Bangalore

Kerala

Kerala Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary

1983

Kadalundi

Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary

2004

Kochi

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

1983

Thattekad

Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

1847

Kottayam

Pathiramanal

1979

Alappuzha

Madhya Pradesh

Sailana Kharmor Bird Sanctuary

1983

Ratlam

Maharashtra

Mayani Bird Sanctuary

1950’s

Mayani

Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary

1979

Nannaj

Karnala Bird Sanctuary

1968

Navi Mumbai

Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird Sanctuary

1986

Madhyameshwar

Mizoram

Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary

1999

Champhai

Odisha

Nalbana Bird Sanctuary 

1987

Chilka lake

Rajasthan

Tal Chhapar Sanctuary

1966

Churu

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary / Keoladeo National Park

1982

Bharatpur

Tamil Nadu

Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary

1989

Ramanathapuram

Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary

1994

Koonthankulam

Suchindram Theroor Birds Sanctuary

2002: proposed

Kanyakumari

Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary

1977

Tirupattur

Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

1989

Ramanathapuram

Udayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary

1999

Tiruvarur

Vellode Birds Sanctuary

1996

Vellode

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

1936

Madurantakam

Uttar Pradesh

Bakhira Sanctuary

1980

Tarbarachh

Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary

1989

Kannauj

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary / Shahid Chandra Shekhar Azad Bird Sanctuary

1984

Nawabganj

Okhla Sanctuary

1990

Noida

Patna Bird Sanctuary

1991

Ganeshpur

Saman Sanctuary

1990

Saman

Samaspur Sanctuary

1987

Rae Bareli

Thasrana Bird Sanctuary 

2017: proposed

Thasrana

Sandi Bird Sanctuary

1990

Hardoi

West Bengal

Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary

1982

Kolkata,

Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary

1985

Raiganj

Rasikbill Bird Sanctuary

1984

Rasikbil

 

 So this was all about the Bird Sanctuaries in India. To read more such notes on General Knowledge – Click Here.

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