General KnowledgePolity

Official Languages of India Specified In the Constitution

Official Languages of India Specified In the Constitution

Official Languages of India

  • There are 22 languages that have been recognized in the 8th schedule of the Indian constitution.
  • Part XVII of the Indian constitution deals with the official languages in articles 343 to 351.
  • Article 343(1) of the Indian constitution says that –

The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.

  • The Constitution does not specify the official language of different states.
  • Initially, there were 14 official languages in Indian Constitution in 1950, but, now, there are 22 official languages in the 8th schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  • Sindhi was added in 1967 by 21st Constitutional Amendment Act; Konkani, Manipuri (Meitei) and Nepali were added in 1992 by 71st Constitutional Amendment Act; and Bodo, Dogri, Maithili and Santali were added in 2003 by 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act.

 Official Languages of India Specified In the Constitution

National Language of India

  • India is a democratic country with varied ethnic cultures, traditions and languages. India has a diverse list of spoken languages among different groups of people.
  • Since the beginning of the Constitution, there have been several debates on the issue of the national language. However, India does NOT have a National Language.
  • The Constitution of India has specified the usage of Hindi and English to be the two official languages of communication for the national government.
  • Additionally, it contains a list of 22 official languages (including Hindi and English). These languages are titled to representation on the Official Language Commission.

List of all the 22 Official Languages of India Specified in the Constitution

Below is the List of all official languages of India mentioned in Indian Constitution –

Language

Spoken in the States

Year of Recognition

Assamese

Assam, Arunachal Pradesh

1950

Bengali

West Bengal, Assam and Tripura, Andaman islands and Bangladesh

1950

Gujarati

Gujarat, Daman and Diu

1950

Hindi

Almost every part of the country including North-Central India

1950

Kannada

Karnataka  

1950

Kashmiri

Kashmir

1950

Konkani

Official language of Goa but spoken in Southern Maharashtra, North Karnataka, Kerala also.

1992

Malayalam

South western Kerala, Lakshadweep, Karnataka and Tamil  Nadu

1950

Manipuri

Manipur, Assam, Mizoram, Tripura, Bangladesh and Myanmar

1992

Marathi

Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Gujarat, Daman and Diu and Dadar and Nagar Haveli.

1950

Nepali

It is the national language of Nepal. It is also spoken in Sikkim, West Bengal, North-eastern states, Bhutan, Tibet and Myanmar.

1992

Odia

Mainly spoken in Odisha. It is the official language of the Odisha state.

1950

Punjabi

Official language of Punjab but spoken in Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan also.

1950

Sanskrit

At present; this language is not spoken in almost any part of India. But it is still spoken in Mattur (Mathur) village of Karnataka state.

1950

Sindhi

Mainly spoken in Gujarat and Sindh province of Pakistan.

1967

Tamil

Official language of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. It is spoken in Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, and Vietnam also.

1950

Urdu

It is an additional official language of Jammu & Kashmir, Telangana, Delhi, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh.

1950

Telugu

It is principle language of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states. Also spoken in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Odisha, Puducherry and Chhattisgarh.

1950

Bodo

Bodo or Baro is a Tibetan-Burmese language spoken by Bodo people living in northeast, Nepal and Bangladesh.

2004

Dogri

Dogri language is spoken in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. Dogri is the dialect of Punjabi.

2004

Maithili

Maithili language is spoken in the northern region of Bihar and Valley of Nepal.

2004

Santali

It is spoken in Assam, Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Tripura and Bengal. It is spoken in Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan also.

2004

 

So, this was all about the Official Languages of India Specified in Indian Constitution.

If you Liked our Post than please share it with your Friends and Family and do like Us on Facebook.

You may also like to read about – 

Parts and Schedules of Indian Constitution

Historical Background of Indian Constitution

Show More

One Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button

Adblock Detected

Please consider supporting us by disabling your ad blocker