General KnowledgeGeography

Important Mountain Peaks in India

Important Mountain Peaks in India

Important Mountain peaks in India

The physiography of India presents a distinctive combination of diverse physiographic topographies. As the time passed, different mountain ranges evolved, which gave rise to present-day topography of India. Often questions related to various Mountain Peaks of India are asked in various competitive exams. This article will help the aspirants in remembering all important mountain peaks of India.

 

Mountain Ranges in India

· A series of mountains which are more or less connected to each other and are ranged in a line is known as mountain range.

· India is home to 7 major mountain ranges that house various mountain peaks. The Major Mountain Ranges of India are –

1.      Himalayan Ranges

2.      Eastern Mountain Range/ Purvanchal Range

3.      Satpura Ranges

4.      Vindhyan Ranges

5.      Aravalli Range

6.      Western Ghats

7.      Eastern Ghats

· These mountain ranges have several mountain peaks which rank highest in India. The mountains in the country are important for their ecological, social, and economic purposes. 

· Most of these peaks are rich in flora and fauna. Many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries are created among these peaks.

List of 10 Highest Mountain Peaks in India

Given below are the details about the highest peaks in India along with their height and the states in which they are located.

 

Mountain Peak

State

Height

Description

K2 (Godwin Austin)

 

8611 metres

2nd highest peak of the world.

The highest peak in Indian subcontinent lies between Baltistan and Xinjiang.

It is the highest peak in the Karakoram.

Known as the Savage Mountain due to the difficulty of ascent.

It lies in Chinese administered Kashmir.

Kangchenjunga

Sikkim

8586 metres

The 3rd highest summit in the World.

Also known as the ‘five treasures of snow’

Lies in Himalayan Mountain Range.

Located at the border of India and Nepal.

This range has 14 protected areas for the conservation of wildlife and nature.

Nanda Devi

Uttarakhand

7816 metres

Ranked the 23rd highest peak across the world.

This is the highest peak located entirely within India.

The Nanda Devi National Park, located in vicinity to the peak, consists of the best high altitude flora and fauna.

It is a part of Himalayan mountain ranges (Garhwal).

Highest peak of Uttarakhand between the Milam Glacier and the Pindar Glacier.

Kamet

Uttarakhand

7756 metres

It is located near the Tibetan Plateau

It is located in the Zaskar mountain Range of Garhwal region, north of the Gangotri Glacier, near the border with Tibet.

Mana Pass is situated near this peak.

Saltoro Kangri

Ladakh

7742 metres

It is located near the Siachen Region.

The Saltoro Kangri is ranked the 31st highest independent peak in the world.

It lies in Saltoro range (a part of Karakoram Mountain range).

It is located at the Line of control.

In 1984, India assumed military control on the peak.

Saser Kangri

Ladakh

7672 metres

This mountain peak is the 35th highest mountain peak in the world

It lies in Saser Muztagh range (an easternmost subrange of Karakoram Range.)

Mamostong Kangri

Ladakh

7516 metres

It is located near Siachen Glacier

It is the 48th independent peak in India

It is the highest peak of Rimo Muztagh range (a subrange of Karakoram range)

Rimo I

Ladakh

7385 metres

The Rimo I is a part of Rimo Muztagh, a subrange of Great Karakoram range.

Lies northeast part of the great Siachen Glacier.

It is the 71st highest peak in the world.

Hardeol

Uttarakhand

7151 metres

This peak is also known as the ‘Temple of God’.

It is one of the oldest summits in the Kumaon Himalaya.

Situated in the Milam valley of Pithoragarh district.

Chaukhamba I

Uttarakhand

7138 metres

It is located in the Garhwal district of Uttrakhand.

It is a part of the Gangotri Group of Garhwal Himalaya ranges.

Chaukhamba got its name due to the four big peaks along with each other.

Trisul I

Uttarakhand

7120 metres

The name of this mountain peak is taken from the weapon of Lord Shiva.

It is one of three mountain peaks located in the Kumaon Himalaya in Uttrakhand.

Located near to the Nanda Devi sanctuary.

 

Some Other Important Mountain Peaks of India

Nanga Parbat

·  Height –  8126 m, State – Ladakh (PoK)

·  9th highest peak of the world located in the PoK, just near the Indus Gorge.

·  Forms western terminus of the Himalayas.

·  First climbed by Austrian climber Hermann Buhl on 3 July 1953.

Satopanth

·  Height – 7,075 m, State – Uttarakhand

·  Lies in the Gangotri region of Garhwal Himalayas.

·  It is located in the Gangotri National Park.

·  The River Alaknanda originates in this peak.

Kang Yatze

·  Height – 6,496 m, State – Ladakh

·  located at the end of the Markha valley in the Himalayas in the Ladakh.

·  It is located in the Hemis National Park.

Nag Tibba

·  Height – 3,022 m, State – Uttarakhand

·  It lends its name to the ‘Nag Tibba Range’.

·  Situated in the Garhwal Division.

Bandarpunch

·  Height – 3,022 m, State – Uttarakhand

·  Widely known as Bandarpoonch, literally “tail of the monkey”.

·  It is part of the Sankari Range and lies within the Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Sanctuary.

·  It is a major watershed for the headwaters of the Yamuna River.

Dunagiri

·  Height – 7,066 m, State – Uttarakhand

·  Situated in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.

·  It is one among the peaks which surround the Nanda Devi peak.

·  First climbed on 5 July 1939 by the Swiss climbers André Roch, F. Steuri and D. Zogg.

Kangto

·  Height – 7,060 m, State – Arunachal Pradesh

·  It lies in India-China border.

·  It is also known as Kanggardo Rize.

·  Located on the Eastern Himalayas along the borders of the Autonomous region of China, Tibet and India.

·  It is the source of the Pachuk River which is a tributary of the River Kameng.

Kedarnath

·  Height – 6,940 m, State – Uttarakhand

·  Lies south of the Gangotri Glacier.

Guru Shikhar

·  Height – 1,722 m, State – Rajasthan

·  Highest peak of the Aravallis and Rajasthan.

·  Located at a distance of 15km from Mount Abu.

·  Home to the temple of Dattatreya, an incarnation of the Lord Vishnu.

·  Adjacent to the temple is the Mt. Abu Observatory.

Girnar

·  Height – 1,069 m, State – Gujarat

·  Girnar is an ancient hill in Junagadh.

·  Holiest places (Shashwat Tirth) for Jains, where the 22nd Tirthankar, Lord Neminath attained nirvana.

Dhupgarh

·  Height – 1,350 m, State – Madhya Pradesh

·  Highest peak of the Satpura Range located in the Mahadeo Hills near Pachmarhi.

·  Rock structure is basaltic with abundance of slate, schist and granite deposits.

·  An important tourist spot.

Malayagiri

·  Height – 1,190 m, State – Orissa

·  Located in the south eastern part of the Garhjat Hills, is the highest peak of the hills.

·  Located between the Brahmani and Baitarni rivers.

·  Rich in metallic minerals.

Mahendragiri

·  Height – 1,501 m, State – Orissa

·  Peak of the Eastern Ghats located near Behrampur in the district of Gajapati, Orissa.

·  Highest peak of Orissa located near the border with Andhra Pradesh.

Doddabetta

·  Height – 2,637 m, State – Tamil Nadu

·  Highest peak of the Nilgiri Hills in the Nilgiri district.

·  9 km north of Otty it is popular tourist attraction.

·  There is an observatory at the top with two telescopes.

·  Shola forests over its slopes.

Anai Mudi

·  Height – 2,695 m, State – Kerala

·  Located in the state of Kerala, it is the highest peak of the Western Ghats as well as of the South India.

·  Also highest outside the Himalayas in India. Thus it is known as “Everest of South India”.

·  It literally means ‘Elephant Forehead’.

·  Located at the junction of the Palani hills, Cardamom hills and Annamalai hills, in the southern part of the Eravikulam National Park.

Kalsubai

·  Height – 1,646 m, State – Maharashtra

·  Highest peak of the Sahyadris in Maharashtra

·  To reach the summit there are various trekking routes and animal tracks

·  At the summit a small temple of Kalsubai is located.

·  The mountain range lies within the Kalsubai Harishchandragad Wildlife Sanctuary.

Mahabaleshwar

·  Height – 1438 m, State – Maharashtra

·  Largest hill station in the Sahyadri Range of Western ghats.

·  Located in the Satara district.

·  Due to its high altitude it has cool climate.

·  It is the source of the Krishna River.

Namcha Barwa

·  Height – 7,782 m, Country – Tibet

·  Eastern anchor of the Himalayas located in Tibet near the Indian border where the Brahamputra bends

·  Easternmost Mountain in the world over 7600 m high.

Saramati

·  Height – 3,841 m, State – Nagaland

·  It is the highest peak of the Purvanchal Hills located in the Naga Hills, near the border with Myanmar.

·  Snow covered during the winter. Popularly known as ‘crown of Nagaland’.

·  A popular trekking destination

Blue Mountain

·  Height – 2,157 m, State – Mizoram

·  Also known as Phawngpui.

·  It is the highest peak of the Lushai Hills in Mizoram near the Myanmar border.

·  With spectacular trees and flowers of all colours it presents a fairytale view of the blue hazed hills.

·  The area is encircled by matted bamboo groves and other alluring vegetations

Saddle Peak

·  Height – 832 m, State – North Andaman Island

·  A twin peaks with a distinct saddle between them, is the highest peak of Andaman and Nicobar.

·  Part of the Saddle Peak National Park.

Parasnath

·  Height – 1,370 m, State – Jharkhand

·  Highest peak of the Rajmahal Hills and the state.

·  The hill is named after Lord Parshvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara. An important Jain temple devoted to Parasnath is here.

·  Archaean rock deposits of iron and manganese are found in this region.

Agastyamalai

·  Height – 1,868 m, State –

·  It is located at the border of Tamil nadu and kerala.

·  The Thavirabarni River originates from the eastern side of the hill.

·  The hill is part of the Neyyar wildlife sanctuary.

·  Surrounding region has been declared the Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve.

Abi Gamin

·  Height – 7,355 m, State – Uttarakhand

·  Located in the Chamoli district.

·  Abi Gamin is located in the central Himalayas and at the culminating point of the Zaskar Range.

·  Abi Gamin is separated from Kamet by a high saddle known as Maede’s col.

·  The famous Mana pass and Niti pass are located here.

Reo Purgyil

·  Height – 6,816 m, State – Himachal Pradesh

·  Lies at the southern end of the Zanskar Range.

·  Located in Kinnaur district.

Hathi Parbat

·  Height – 6,727 m, State – Uttarakhand

·  Also known as Elephant Peak.

·  Located in the Chamoli district.

Anginda Peak

·  Height – 2,383 m, State – Tamil Nadu and Kerala

·  Lies in the Nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats on the border of the Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

·  It is the highest peak in Silent Valley National Park.

·  It is just south of Sispara pass, and forms the southernmost boundary of Mukurthi National Park in Tamil Nadu.

 

So, this is all about the Important Mountain Peaks in India. If you want to read more notes on Indian Geography – Click Here.

In the Next Post (Click Here), we will learn about the Highest Mountain Peaks in States of India.

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