General Knowledge

National Park in India (State-wise List)

National Park in India

What is National Parks?

· A National park is an area with enough ecological, geo-morphological and natural significance with rich fauna and flora, which is designed to protect and to develop wildlife or its environment.

· National park is larger land or water area which contains representative samples and sites of major natural regions, features, scenery, and important plant and animal species and are of special scientific, educational and recreational interest.

· An area, whether within a sanctuary or not, can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment.

· National park in India are IUCN category II protected areas.

· India is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. The country is bestowed with a plethora of flora and fauna.

 

What is National Parks?, Characterstics, Complete Statewise List of National Park in India, Important Flora/Fauna, Rivers in Parks, etc... studywrap.com

Characteristics of National Parks in India

· These areas contains one or several entire ecosystems that are not materially altered by human exploitation or occupation and are managed by the government in a natural or near natural state.

· A national park in India has more restrictions as compared to a wildlife sanctuary.

· Their boundaries are fixed and defined.

· The main objective of a national park in India is to protect the natural environment of the area and biodiversity conservation.

· Activities like grazing, hunting, forestry or cultivation etc. are strictly prohibited. No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state.

· Visitors enter under special conditions for inspirational, educational, cultural and recreational purposes.

 

Declaration of National Parks

· National parks can be declared both by the Central Government and State governments.

· No alteration of the boundaries of a national park shall be made except on a resolution passed by the State Legislature.

Interesting Facts about National Parks in India

· Madhya Pradesh has the maximum number of National Park in India (10).

· Hemis National Park is the only national park in India that is north of the Himalayas, the largest notified protected area in India.

· First national park in India was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand.

· Gir National Park is the Only area in the world, where Asiatic lions occur.

· Keibul-Lamjao National park on Loktak Lake is also known as Floating National Park.

· There are 104 existing national park in India covering an area of 40,500 km2, which is 1.23% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, April 2018).

 

State-wise List of National Park in India

In the table below, we are giving the complete State-wise List of National Park in India with their important Flora and Fauna and other important features, which will be helpful for your various Competitive exam such as SSC, UPSC, Banking, Railways etc.

 

State

Protected Area

Year

Flora /Fauna

Notes

1

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Campbell Bay NP

1992

Flora

Tropical evergreen forest, orchids,  tree fern, mangroves

 

Fauna

Crab-eating Macaque, Giant robber crabs, Saltwater crocodile, Giant leatherback turtle, Megapode, Andaman Wild Pig

Area – 426.23 km2

 

Part of the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve.

2

Galathea Bay NP

1992

Flora

Tropical and subtropical moist broad leaf forests.

 

Fauna

Giant leather back Turtle, Water monitor lizard, Reticulated python, Nicobar Tree Shrews, Nicobar Long-Tailed Macaque

Area – 110 km2

 

Part of the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve.

3

Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) NP

1983

Flora

Mangroves, Gurjan, Bamboo, Ferns

 

Fauna

White-Bellied Sea Eagle, Water Monitor Lizard, Banded Sea Snake, Estuarine crocodiles

Area – 281.5 km2

4

Middle Button Island NP

1987

Flora

Moist Deciduous Forest

 

Fauna

Spotted deer, Fruit Bat, White-Bellied Sea Eagle, Sooty Tern, Monitor lizards, Dugongs, Andaman Serpent Eagle

Area – 0.44 km2

5

Mount Harriett NP

1987

Flora

tropical evergreen and littoral forests

 

Fauna

Andaman Wild Pig, Andaman Masked Palm Civet, Andaman Rat, , Andaman cuckoo dove

Area – 46.62 km2

 

Also a Butterfly Hotspot

6

North Button Island NP

1987

Flora

Moist Deciduous Forest

 

Fauna

Corals, Spotted deer, Blue whale, Monitor lizard, Dolphins, Dugongs, Humpback Snappers

Area – 0.44 km2

7

Rani Jhansi Marine NP

1996

Flora

Evergreen rain forest and mangrove forests.

 

Fauna

Dugong, Fruit- eating bats, Daniel’s Forest Lizard,  Andaman Island Grass Skink, Andaman Water Monitor, Corals

Area – 256.14 km2

8

Saddle Peak NP

1987

Flora

Andaman Tropical Evergreen evergreen, Canebrake, Wet Bamboo and littoral.

 

Fauna

Andaman wild pig, Andaman Horseshoe Bat, Andaman hill mynah, Imperial pigeon, Andaman Teal

Area – 32.54 km2

9

South Button Island NP

1987

Flora

 

Fauna

Dugongs, water lizards, sea turtles, dolphins and blue whales.

Area – 0.03 km2

10

Andhra Pradesh

Papikonda NP

2008

Flora

Dry deciduous Teak forest and other species conforming to the Eastern Ghat vegetation.

 

Fauna

Tiger, Hyena, Four horned antelope, Spotted deer, Muggers

Area – 1012.86 km2

 

River – Godavari

11

Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) NP

2005

Flora

Tropical dry deciduous forest, Eucalyptus forests.

 

Fauna

Spotted deer, Indian gray mongoose, Black-napped hare,  Russell’s viper, little egrets, parakeets, and peacocks

Area – 2.4 km2

 

River – Penna

 

Earlier it was known as Rameswaram Reserve Forest

12

Sri Venkateswara NP

1989

Flora

Dry deciduous mixed forest, Patches of mixed deciduous forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, Golden Gecko, Slender Loris, Indian Giant Squirrel, Tree Shrew and Flying Lizard

Area – 353.62 km2

13

Arunachal Pradesh

Mouling NP

1986

Flora

Forms a transition zone between tropical forests at lower altitudes to most temperate forest

 

Fauna

Red Pandas, Deers, Hoolock Gibbons and Tigers

Area – 483 km2

 

River – Siang River

 

Part of Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve.

14

Namdapha NP

1983

Flora

Evergreen Forests, Moist deciduous forests, Temperate Forests and Alpine. The park have the northern most lowland evergreen rainforests in the world at 27°N latitude.

 

Fauna

Tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, snow leopard, golden cat, red panda

Area – 1807.82 km2

 

River – Noa Dihing

 

The area falls under both the Palearctic and Indo Malayan biogeographic areas.

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

15

Assam

Dibru-Saikhowa NP

1999

Flora

moist deciduous forest, bamboo, swamp forests

Endemic Flora – Rauvolfia (Sarpagandhi), Benteak, Livistona (orchid)

 

Fauna

Endemic Fauna – White winged wood duck, Hollock-gibbon, Wild buffalo

Area – 340 km2

 

River – Dibru, Bramhaputra

 

Designated as Biosphere Reseve

16

Kaziranga NP

1974

Flora

Alluvial grasslands, alluvial savannah woodlands, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests.

 

Fauna

Tiger, One-horned Rhino

Area – 858.98 km2

 

River – Bramhaputra, Mora Dhansiri, Diphlu

 

Tiger Reserve (highest density of tigers in the world)

 

UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site

17

Manas NP

1990

Flora

semi-evergreen forests mixed moist and dry deciduous forests, alluvial grasslands, Swamp Forest

Endemic Flora – Catechu tree, Sissoo, White siris

 

Fauna

Endemic Fauna: Pygmy hog, Golden lungur , Assam roofed turtle

Area – 500 km2

 

River – Manas Beki

 

Elephant Reserve,

Tiger Reserve,

Biosphere Reserve,

Wildlife Sanctuary,

 

UNESCO Natural World Heritage site

18

Nameri NP

1998

Flora

Semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests with cane and bamboo brakes

 

Fauna

Tiger,Black Panther, , Himalayan Black Bear, Elephant

Area – 200 km2

 

River – Jia Bhoroli

19

Rajiv Gandhi Orang NP

1999

Flora

Eastern Himalayan Moist Deciduous Forest, Eastern Wet Alluvial Grassland, Savannah Grassland

 

Fauna

Tiger, Pygmy hog, elephant, Bengal florican

Area – 78.81 km2

 

River – Bramhaputra

20

Bihar

Valmiki NP

1989

Flora

Moist mixed deciduous, Alluvial grasslands, Freshwater swamps, Wetlands

 

Fauna

Tiger, Rhino, black Bear, Nepal kaleej pheasant

Area – 335.65 km2

 

River – Gandak, Burhi Gandak, Pandai

 

Tiger Reserve, Wildlife Sanctuary

21

Chhattisgarh

Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) NP

1981

Flora

Moist deciduous forest consisting mainly of sal

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, Golden Hooded Oriole, Egyptian vulture

Area – 1440.705 km2

 

River – Umaria, Kodmar

 

Part of the Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve

22

Indravati (Kutru) NP

1982

Flora

Dry Mixed Deciduous Forests, Moist Mixed Deciduous Forests

 

Fauna

Tiger, leopard, sloth bear, striped hyena

Area – 1258.37 km2

 

River – Indravati

 

Tiger Reserve

23

Kanger Valley NP

1982

Flora

mixed moist deciduous type of forests with dominance of sal, teak and bamboo

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, mouse deer, Bastar hill Myena

Area – 200 km2

 

River – Kanger

24

Goa

Mollem NP

1992

Flora

West Coast tropical evergreen forests, West Coast semi-evergreen forests and moist deciduous forests.

 

Fauna

Black Panther, bonnet macaque, Slender loris

Area – 107 km2

 

River – Mandovi

 

It is the core area of Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary

25

Gujarat

Vansda NP

1979

Flora

Deciduous Forest, bamboo

 

Fauna

Indian leopard, rhesus macaque

Area – 23.99 km2

 

River – Ambika

26

Blackbuck (Velavadar) NP

1976

Flora

Grassland, shrub land

 

Fauna

Blackbuck, wolf and lesser florican

Area – 34.53 km2

 

River – Lies between Parvalia and Alang which drains into Gulf of Cambay

27

Gir NP

1975

Flora

Dry Deciduous Scrub, Dry Savannah

Dominant Species: Teak

 

Fauna

Asiatic lion, Chital, chinkara, Indian Leopard

Area – 258.71 km2

 

River – Hiran, Shetrunji, Datardi, Shingoda, Machhundri, Godavari and Raval.

 

Only area in the world, where Asiatic lions occur.

28

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) NP

1982

Flora

 

Fauna

Corals, Blue Whales, greater flamingo, Whale sharks

Area – 162.89 km2

 

Core area of Marine Sanctuary

29

Haryana

Kalesar NP

2003

Flora

Dense old forest dominated by Sal

 

Fauna

Barking Deer, Ghoral, Leoprda

Area – 46.82 km2

 

River – Yamuna

30

Sultanpur NP

1989

Flora

Tropical and Dry Deciduous

 

Fauna

Migratory Birds: Amur falcons, Egyptian vultures, plovers

Resident Birds: Common hoopoe, paddyfield pipit, purple sunbird

Area – 1.43 km2

 

Also a Bird Sanctuary

31

Himachal Pradesh

Great Himalayan NP

1984

Flora

Temperate broad-leaved forests, Temperate conifer forests, Alpine scrubs, Alpine meadows, Riverine forests, pastures

 

Fauna

Himalayan Musk Deer,  Snow Leopard, Himalayan Brown Bear, Himalayan tahr

Area – 754.4 km2

 

River – Tirthan, Sainj, Jiwa Nal, and Parvati

 

UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site

32

Inderkilla NP

2010

Flora

 

Fauna

Area – 104 km2

33

Khirganga NP

2010

Flora

Temperate broad-leaved forests, Temperate conifer forests, Alpine scrubs, Alpine meadows, Riverine forests, pastures

 

Fauna

Himalayan Musk Deer,  Snow Leopard, Himalayan Brown Bear, Himalayan tahr

Area – 710 km2

34

Pin Valley NP

1987

Flora

Dry Temperate forest, Alpine forest

 

Fauna

Tibetan Gazelle, Wooly Hare, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Ibex, Tibet Snow Finch

Area – 675 km2

 

River – Pin, Spiti

35

Simbalbara NP

2010

Flora

mixed forest grassy slopes, mixed forest riverine, pine mixed woodland

 

Fauna

Himalayan Bear, Brown Bear, Snow Leopard

Area – 27.88 km2

36

Jammu & Kashmir

City Forest (Salim Ali) NP

1992

Flora

Mangrove shrubberies

 

Fauna

Kashmiri stag, Chakkar, Snow Cock, Serow, hangul

Area – 9 km2

37

Dachigam NP

1981

Flora

Coniferous forest, grasslands, scrubs

 

Fauna

Kashmiri Stag, leopards, Himalayan Gray Langurs, Monal

Area – 141 km2

 

River – Daghwan

38

Kishtwar NP

1981

Flora

Coniferous, Alpine, Meadows and Scrub forests.

 

Fauna

Himalayan Snowcock, Brown Bear

Area – 425 km2

 

River – Kiar, Nath, Kibar, Marwa, Rinnay

39

Jharkhand

Betla NP

1986

Flora

Sal and Bamboo forest

 

Fauna

Sloth Bear, Panther

Area – 226.33 km2

 

River – North Koyal

 

Initially it comprised the Palamau Tiger Reserve

40

Karnataka

Anshi NP

1987

Flora

North Western Ghats montane rain forests and North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests

 

Fauna

Tiger, Black Panther

Area – 417.34 km2

 

River – Kali

41

Bandipur NP

1974

Flora

Dry Deciduous Scrub, Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest, Tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leoprad

Area – 874.2 km2

 

River – Kabini, Moyar

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

42

Bannerghatta NP

1974

Flora

Moist Deciduous, Scrubs

 

Fauna

Elephant, Leopard

Area – 260.51 km2

 

River – Suvarnamukhi

 

Biological Park,

Elephant sanctuary,

Butterfly Park

43

Kudremukh NP

1987

Flora

Evergreen, Semi-evergreen forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, Lion-tailed Macaque, Malabar trogon, Malabar whistling thrush

Area – 600.32 km2

 

River – Tunga, Bhadra, Netravati

44

Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) NP

1988

Flora

North Western Ghats -moist deciduous forests, Central Deccan Plateau –  dry deciduous forests, swamp forests

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leoprad

Area – 643.39 km2

 

River – Lakshmmantirtha river, Sarati Hole, Nagar Hole, Balle Halla, Kabini River

 

Tiger Reserve

45

Kerala

Anamudi Shola NP

2003

Flora

West coast tropical evergreen, Southern Hilltop Tropical Vegetation

 

Fauna

Elephant, Tiger, Panther, Parantica nilgiriensis (a RET listed species of butterfly)

Area – 7.5 km2

 

River – Chinnar, Pambar

 

Consists of 3 Shola reserve forest – Idivara Shola Reserve, Pullardi Shola Reserve and Mannavan Shola Reserve.

46

Eravikulam NP

1978

Flora

wet temperate forests, southern west coast evergreen forest, Mixed Deciduous

 

Fauna

Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri marten

Endemic: Salea Anamalayana, Ahatulla disper (reptiles)

Area – 97 km2

 

River – Periyar, Chalakudiyar, Cauvery

 

The highest peak in peninsular India, Anamudi (2690 m) is situated in the Park.

47

Mathikettan Shola NP

2003

Flora

West coast tropical evergreen forests, west coast semi evergreen forests, moist deciduous forests, shola forests

 

Fauna

Elephant

Area – 12.82 km2

 

River – Panniyar

48

Pambadum Shola NP

2003

Flora

Shola Forests, Grasslands

 

Fauna

Elephant, Gaur, Leopard, Wild boar

Area – 1.318 km2

 

River – Pambar

49

Periyar NP

1982

Flora

West Coast Tropical Evergreen Forests, West Coast Semi Evergreen Forests, Moist Deciduous Forest, Southern Montane Wet Grassland, Eucalyptus Plantations

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leoprad, Elephant, Niligiri Tahr

Area – 350 km2

 

River – Periyar, Pamba

 

Tiger Reserve, Elephant Reserve

50

Silent Valley NP

1984

Flora

rain forests and tropical moist evergreen forest

 

Fauna

Nilgiri wood-pigeon, Malabar parakeet, Malabar grey hornbill, Great Indian Hornbill, lion-tailed macaque, Niligiri langur, Malabar giant squirrel, Nilgiri tahr

Area – 89.52 km2

 

River – Bharathapuzha River, Kuntipuzha River

51

Ladakh

Hemis NP

1981

Flora

Pine forests, alpine shrub lands and meadows, and alpine tundra.

 

Fauna

Argali, Bharal, Shapu, Tibetan wolf, Snow Leopard

Area – 3350 km2

 

River – Markha, Sumdah, Rumbak, bounded by Indus in the north.

52

Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh NP

1968

Flora

Moist Peninsular Low Level Sal,

West Gangetic Moist Mixed Deciduous Forests

 

Fauna

Tiger, leopard, wild dog

Area – 448.85 km2

 

River – Charanganga

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

53

Dinosaur Fossils NP

2011

 

Area – 0.8974 km2

54

Fossil NP

1983

Flora

Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, Wild Dog, Gaur, Chinkara

Area – 0.27 km2

 

River – Narmada

 

Fossils include palms, gymnosperms, angiosperms – monocotyledons, bryophytes. Plant evolution in this area was in its initial stages because of the absence of Dicotyledons.

55

Indira Priyadarshini Pench NP

1975

Flora

Dry Teak Bearing Forest,  Southern Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, leopard

Area – 292.85 km2

 

River – Pench, Kanhan

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

56

Kanha NP

1955

Flora

Southern Tropical Moist and Dry Mixed Deciduous

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leoprad, Barasingha

Area – 940 km2

 

River – Banjar, Halon

 

Also a Tiger Reserve.

In 2017, it became first tiger reserve in India to officially introduce a mascot named Bhoor singh, the Barasingha.

57

Madhav NP

1959

Flora

Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest

 

Fauna

Chinkara, Black Buck, Leopard, Migratory Birds: Pochard, Pintail, Geal

Area – 375.22 km2

 

Lake – Sakya Sagar and Madhav  Sagar Lakes created on Manier River

58

Panna NP

1981

Flora

Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest, Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest, Dry Deciduous Scrub Forest

 

Fauna

Links the eastern and western wildlife populations of the Vindhyan ranges.

Area – 542.67 km2

 

River – Ken

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

59

Sanjay NP

1981

Flora

Mixed Deciduous Forest mainly of Sal, Bori Teak Forests, bamboo, Tendua

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, Chital

Area – 466.88 km2

 

River – Umaria, Kodmar

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

60

Satpura NP

1981

Flora

Moist deciduous forest consisting mainly of sal

 

Fauna

Tiger, Blackbuck

Area – 585.17 km2

 

River – Denwa

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

61

Van Vihar NP

1979

Flora

Sal, Bel, Amaltas, Babul, tendua etc.

 

Fauna

Captive and herbivores. All carnivorous animals are kept inside enclosed areas and herbivores are allowed to roam freely.

4.45 km2

62

Maharashtra

Chandoli NP

2004

Flora

Malabar Coast moist forests and North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests.

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopards, Blackbucks

Area – 317.67 km2

 

River – Warna

 

Part of Shayadri Tiger Reserve

63

Gugamal NP

1975

Flora

Southern dry deciduous forest.

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, Ussuri Dhole

Area – 361.28 km2

 

River – Dolar

 

part of Melghat Tiger Reserve

64

Nawegaon NP

1975

Flora

Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests

 

Fauna

Tiger, Panther, Sloth bears

Area – 133.88 km2

 

Lake – Nawegaon lake

 

Part of Nawegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve

65

Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) NP

1975

Flora

Dry Teak Bearing Forest,  Southern Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, Sambar

Area – 257.26 km2

 

River – Pench, kanhan

 

Tiger Reserve

66

Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) NP

1983

Flora

Southern mixed-deciduous forest

 

Fauna

Chital, Barking Deer, Crocodiles (Tulsi lake)

Area – 86.96 km2

 

Lake – Vihar Lake and Tulsi Lake

67

Tadoba NP

1955

Flora

Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, sloth Bears

Area – 116.55 km2

 

Lake/River – Tadoba lake, Kolsa lake and Andhari river

 

Part of Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve

68

Manipur

Keibul-Lamjao NP

1977

Flora

Semi-Evergreen Forest

 

Fauna

Famous for brow-antlered deer(Sangai)

Area – 40 km2

 

Lake – Loktak lake

 

Part of Keibul-Lamjao Conservation Area

69

Meghalaya

Balphakram NP

1985

Flora

Deciduous Forest

(Famous for Pitcher plant)

 

Fauna

wild water buffalo, red panda, elephant, tiger, golden cat

Area – 220 km2

 

River – Origin of Mahadeo, Maheshkola, Goneswari, Kanai

 

often termed as the ‘land of spirits’ and the ‘abode of perpetual winds’

70

Nokrek Ridge NP

1986

Flora

Evergreen and semi-evergreen deciduous forests

 

Fauna

Slow Loris, tiger, leopard

Area – 47.48 km2

 

River – Ganol, Dareng and Simsang

 

Core of Nokrek Biosphere Reserve

71

Mizoram

Murlen NP

1991

Flora

tropical, semi-evergreen and sub montane Forests

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Serrow, Hollock Gibbon

Area – 100 km2

72

Phawngpui Blue Mountain NP

1992

Flora

Sub-tropical Broadleaf, Tropical Evergreen forests & Grasslands

 

Fauna

Blyth’s tragopan, Tiger, mountain bamboo partridge, oriental pied hornbill, purple cochoa

Area – 50 km2

 

River – Kolodyne

73

Nagaland

Intanki NP

1993

Flora

Tropical Deciduous Forest, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands

 

Fauna

Hoolock gibbon, Golden langur, Palm civets, Tiger

Area – 202.02 km2

74

Odisha

Bhitarkanika NP

1988

Flora

Mangrove Forests

 

Fauna

saltwater crocodile, white crocodile, Indian python, black ibis

Area – 145 km2

 

River – Estuarine region of Brahmani- Baitarani

 

Ramsar Site

75

Simlipal NP

1980

Flora

Tropical Semi Evergreen Forests, Northern Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests, Dry Deciduous Hill Forests, High Level Sal Forest, Grassland and Savannah

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, Elephant

Area – 845.7 km2

 

River – Budhabalanga, Palpala Bhandan, Kharkai River and Deo

 

Also Tiger Reserve

76

Rajasthan

Desert NP

1992

Flora

sewan grass, aak shrub, thorns

 

Fauna

Great Indian Bustard, Desert Fox, Blackbuck

Area – 3162 km2

77

Keoladeo Ghana NP

1981

Flora

Tropical dry deciduous forests intermixed with dry grasslands

 

Fauna

Migratory Waterfowl, Siberian Crane

Area – 28.73 km2

 

Formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

 

World natural Heritage Site

78

Mukundra Hills NP

2006

Flora

Tropical dry Deciduous Forest and Tropical thorn Forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, Panther, Sloth bear

Area – 200.54 km2

 

River – Ramzan, Ahu, Kali and Chambal.

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

79

Ranthambhore NP

1980

Flora

Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, Leopard, Characal

Area – 282 km2

 

River – Banas, Chambal

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

80

Sariska NP

1992

Flora

Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest, Tropical thorn Forest

 

Fauna

leopard, caracal, rusty spotted cat

Area – 273.8 km2

 

River – Chambal

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

81

Sikkim

Khangchendzonga NP

1977

Flora

Sub-tropical broad leaved hill forest, Himalayan wet temperate forest, temperate broad leaved forest, mixed coniferous forest, sub-alpine forests, dry alpine forest

Endemic – Sikkim Rhododendron, Sikkim Mahonia

 

Fauna

Tibetan sheep, Musk deer, Monal pheasant, Snow patridge

Area – 1784 km2

 

River – Teesta

 

Core of Biosphere Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve

 

India’s First World Mixed Heritage site

82

Tamil Nadu

Guindy NP

1976

Flora

tropical dry evergreen scrub and thorn forests

 

Fauna

blackbuck, chital, pangolin

Area – 2.82 km2

83

Gulf of Mannar Marine NP

1980

Flora

Tropical Dry Broad-leafed forest, seaweed communities, sea grass communities, coral reefs, salt marshes and mangrove forests

 

Fauna

Hawks bill turtle, Dugongs, Whales

Area – 6.23 km2

 

Core of Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve

84

Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) NP

1989

Flora

wet evergreen forest and semi-evergreen forest, montane shola-grassland, moist deciduous, dry deciduous, thorn forests and marshes

 

Fauna

Tiger, Elephant, Dhole

Area – 117.1 km2

 

River – Aliayar, Apambar,  Chinnar, Parambikulam

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

85

Mudumalai NP

1990

Flora

Tropical moist deciduous , Tropical dry deciduous forest, southern tropical dry thorn forests

 

Fauna

Tiger, endangered Indian white-humped vulture

Area – 103.23 km2

 

River – Moyar

86

Mukurthi NP

1990

Flora

montane grasslands and shrublands

 

Fauna

Nilgiri Tahr, tiger

Area – 78.46 km2

 

Part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

 

River – Billithadahalla, Pykara and Kundah rivers

87

Telangana

Kasu Brahmananda Reddy NP

1994

Flora

Tropical Dry Deciduous

 

Fauna

pangolin, small Indian civet

Area – 1.43 km2

88

Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali NP

1994

Flora

Dry deciduous forest mixed with scrub jungle and grasslands

 

Fauna

Blackbuck, Water Monitor

Area – 14.59 km2

 

Deer National park

89

Mrugavani NP

1994

Flora

Tropical dry Deciduous

 

Fauna

Panther, Cheetal, Sambar

Area – 3.6 km2

90

Tripura

Clouded Leopard NP

2007

Flora

Mixed Deciduous Forest

 

Fauna

Clouded Leopard, barking deer

Area – 5.08 km2

 

Part of Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary.

91

Bison (Rajbari) NP

2007

Flora

Tropical Semi-Evergreen Forest, East Himalayan lower Bhabar sal, Moist mixed deciduous Forest, Savannah woodland.

 

Fauna

Bison, gibbons, langurs, wild boars, wild cats, leopards, Tailorbird, Jungle Myna, Hornbill, Doves etc.

Area – 31.63 km2

92

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa NP

1977

Flora

North Indian Moist Deciduous Forest

 

Fauna

Tigers, leopards, Asiatic black bears

Area – 490 km2

 

River – Suheli and Mohana

 

Part of Dudhwa Tiger Reserve

93

Uttarakhand

Corbett NP

1936

Flora

Moist Deciduous Forest, Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest, Himalayan Subtropical Pine Forests

 

Fauna

Tiger, leopard, elephant, sambar

Area – 520.82 km2

 

River – Ramganga

 

Also Tiger Reserve

 

First National Park in India

94

Gangotri NP

1989

Flora

Western Himalayan conifer forests, Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows

 

Fauna

snow leopard, ibex, tahr, Himalayan barbet

Area – 2390.02 km2

95

Govind NP

1990

Flora

Western Himalayan broadleaf forests, Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests and western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows

 

Fauna

Snow Leopard, Himalayan tahr, Asian black bear

Area – 472.08 km2

 

River – Tons

 

The Snow Leopard Project started by the Government of India is being managed here.

96

Nanda Devi NP

1982

Flora

mixed temperate and subalpine

 

Fauna

snow leopard, Asiatic black bear, brown bear, Himalayan musk deer

Area – 624.6 km2

 

River – Rishiganga

 

Part of Nandadevi Biosphere Reserve

97

Rajaji NP

1983

Flora

Broadleaved deciduous forests, riverine vegetation, scrubland, grasslands and pine forests

 

Fauna

Tiger, Himalayan Black Bear

Area – 820 km2

 

River – Rawasan

98

Valley of Flowers NP

1982

Flora

Mixed Temperate and subalpine

Endemic – Aconitum falconeri, A. balfouri, Himalayan maple the blue Himalayan poppy and Saussurea atkinsoni.

 

Fauna

Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, Red Fox

Area – 87.5 km2

 

Part of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve

99

West Bengal

Buxa NP

1992

Flora

Northern Dry Deciduous Forest, Sub-Montane Semi-Evergreen Forest, Northern Tropical Evergreen Forest

 

Fauna

Tiger, elephant, leopard cat

Area – 117.1 km2

 

River – Jainti, Kaatulam Nala

 

Also a Tiger Reserve

100

Gorumara NP

1992

Flora

Terai-Duar savannah and grasslands, Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests

 

Fauna

Indian Rhino, elephant

Area – 79.45 km2

 

River – Murti, Raidak River

101

Jaldapara NP

2014

Flora

Savannah covered with tall elephant grasses.

 

Fauna

Indian one-horned rhinoceros, Leopard, Elephants

Area – 216.51 km2

 

River – Torsa

102

Neora Valley NP

1986

Flora

Sino-Himalayan Temperate Forest, Sino-Himalayan Subtropical Forest, Indo-Chinese Tropical Moist Forest

 

Fauna

Leopard, civet, black bear, sloth bear

Area – 159.89 km2

 

River – Neora

103

Singalila NP

1986

Flora

Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests, Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests, Himalayan Sub-Tropical Pine Forest

 

Fauna

red panda, leopard cat, barking deer, yellow-throated marten

Area – 78.6 km2

 

River – Rammam and Sirikhola

104

Sunderban NP

1984

Flora

Tidal Swamp Forests, Saline Water Type Mixed Forests, Brackish Water Type Mixed Forests, Palm Swamp Type

 

Fauna

Tiger, estuarine crocodile

Area – 1330.1 km2

 

River – Meghna

Total Area

 

40501.02 km2

So, this was all about the State-wise List of National Park in India. If you want to read more about the Conservation Efforts for Wildlife, you can click here to read more – Wildlife of India.

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