EnvironmentGeneral KnowledgeGeography

Conservation Reserves in India (Complete State-wise List)

Conservation Reserves in India

What is Conservation Reserves?

· Conservation reserves in India are those protected areas of India which normally act as buffer zones or as a migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.

· These protected area categories were first introduced in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002 − the amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

· These categories were added because of reduced protection in and around existing or proposed protected areas due to private ownership of land, and land use.

· These categories roughly correspond to IUCN Category V (conservation reserves) and VI (community reserves) protected areas.

What is Conservation Reserves in India?, Objective, Decleration, Complete statewise list of Conservation Reserves in India, Protected Areas.. studywrap.com

Declaration of Conservation Reserves

· An area cab be designated as Conservation Reserve, if they are uninhabited and completely owned by the Government of India but used for subsistence by communities.

· The state government may after having consultations with the local communities, declare any area owned by the government as a conservation reserve for protecting the fauna and flora, as well as traditions, cultures and practices of any nearby Community.

· No change in land use pattern shall be made within the Conservation reserve, except in accordance with a resolution passed by the management committee and approval of the same by the state government.

Objective of Conservation Reserves

· The declaration of such an area is aimed at –

o  Improving the socio-economic conditions of the people living in such areas.

o  Conserving wildlife and diversity of the area.

    • Conservation reserves are used for subsistence by communities.

o  It provided for the mechanism to provide recognition and legal backing to the community initiated efforts in wildlife protection.

o  It provides for a flexible system wherein the wildlife conservation is achieved without compromising the community needs.

· Conservation Reserve Management Committee conserves and manages the conservation reserves.

List of Conservation Reserves in India

· There are a total of 86 Conservation Reserves in India spread across 11 states and 2 UTs currently (2020).

· Jammu and Kashmir has most number of conservation reserves, i.e., 30.

· Garpanchkot Conservation Reserve in West Bengal is the largest (1340.34 sq km) among all conservation reserves. 

· Tiruvidaimarudur Conservation Reserve, declared on February 14, 2005, is the First Conservation Reserve to be established in the country.

You may also like to learn about the Protected Areas for Wildlife in India. Following is the Complete State-wise List of Conservation Reserves of India as of 2020.

S. No

State Name

Conservation Reserves in India

Area

(km2)

Estd.

1

Gujarat

Chharidhandh Wetland

227

2008

2

Haryana

Bir Bara Ban

4.19

2007

3

Saraswati

44.53

2007

4

Himachal Pradesh

 

Darlaghat

0.67

1962

5

Shilli

1.49

1963

6

Naina Devi

17.01

1982

7

Jammu & Kashmir

Ajas

48

2008

8

Ajas (WL) 

1

2008

9

Bahu

19.75

2008

10

Brain-Nishat

15.75

2008

11

Chatlam, Pampore (WL)

0.25

2008

12

Gharana (WL)

0.75

2008

13

Hokera (Ramsar Site) (WL)

13.75

2008

14

Hygam (WL)

7.25

2008

15

Jawahar Tunnel

18

2008

16

Khanagund

15

2008

17

Khimber/Dara/Sharazbal

34

2008

18

Khiram

15.75

2008

19

Khonmoh

67

2008

20

Khrew Con R

50.25

2008

21

Kukarian (WL)

24.25

2008

22

Malgam (WL)

4.5

2008

23

Manibugh (WL)

4.5

2008

24

Mirgund (WL)

4

2008

25

Naganari

22.25

2008

26

Nanga (WL)

15.25

2008

27

Narkara (WL)

3.25

2008

28

Panyar

10

2008

29

Pargwal (WL)

49.25

2008

30

Sangral-Asa Chak (WL)

7

2008

31

Shallabugh (WL)

16

2008

32

Shikargah

15.5

2008

33

Sudhmahadev

142.25

2008

34

Thein

19

2008

35

Wangat/Chatergul

12

2008

36

Zaloora, Harwan

25.25

2008

37

Karnataka

 

Ankasamudra Birds

0.9826

2017

38

Bankapur Peacock

0.56

2006

39

Basur Amruth Mahal Kaval

7.37

2011

40

Bedthi

57.3

2011

41

Hornbill

52.5

2011

42

Jayamangali Blackbuck

3.23

2007

43

Magadi Kere

0.54

2015

44

Melapura Bee Eater Bird

0.0318

2015

45

Puttenahalli Lake Birds

0.15

2015

46

Shalmale Riparian Bio-system

4.89

2012

47

Thimlapura

17.38

?

48

Thungabhadra Otter

N.A.

2015

49

Ummathur

6.08

 

50

Ladakh

 

Boodh Karbu

12

2008

51

Norrichain (WL)

2

2008

52

Sabu

15

2008

53

Tsomoiri (Ramsar Site) (WL)

120

2008

54

Maharashtra

 

Anjneri

5.69

2017

55

Bhorkada (Bhorgad)

3.49

2008

56

Kolamarka

180.72

2013

57

Mamdapur

54.46

2014

58

Muktai Bhavani

122.74

2014

59

Toranmal

93.42

2016

60

Punjab

 

Beas River

N.A.

2017

61

Rakh Sarai Amanat Khan

4.95

2010

62

Ranjit Sagar

18.65

2017

63

Ropar Wetland

2.11

2017

64

Rajasthan

 

Bir Jhunjhunu

10.47

2012

65

Bisalpur

48.31

2008

66

Gogelo

3.58

2012

67

Gudha Bisnoiyan

2.31

2011

68

Jawai Bandh Leopard

19.79

2013

69

Jor Beed Gadwala Bikaner

56.47

2008

70

Khetri Bansyal

70.18

2019

71

Rotu

0.73

2012

72

Shakambhari

131

2012

73

Sundha Mata

117.49

2010

74

Umdeganj Bird

2.72

2012

75

Sikkim

Sling Dong Fairreanum Orchid

0.06

2008

76

Tamil Nadu

Suchindrum-Theroor-Managudi

4.85

2015

77

Tiruppadaimarathur

0.03

2005

78

Uttarakhand

 

Asan Wetland

4.44

2005

79

Jhilmi Jheel

37.84

2005

80

Naina Devi Himalayan Bird

111.92

2015

81

Pawalgarh

58.25

2012

82

West Bengal

 

Deul

10.5

2017

83

Garpanchkot

1340.34

2017

84

Hijli

15.5

2017

85

Mukutmanipur

43.7

2017

86

Tekonia

5.87

2017

  Source : Wiienvis

 

So this was all about the Complete List of Conservation Reserves in India. To read more such notes on Wildlife of India – Click Here.

Similar Notes – Tiger Reserves in India & Project Tiger

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